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Testing the assumptions behind importance sampling

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  • Koopman, Siem Jan
  • Shephard, Neil
  • Creal, Drew

Abstract

Importance sampling is used in many areas of modern econometrics to approximate unsolvable integrals. Its reliable use requires the sampler to possess a variance, for this guarantees a square root speed of convergence and asymptotic normality of the estimator of the integral. However, this assumption is seldom checked. In this paper we use extreme value theory to empirically assess the appropriateness of this assumption. Our main application is the stochastic volatility model, where importance sampling is commonly used for maximum likelihood estimation of the parameters of the model.

Suggested Citation

  • Koopman, Siem Jan & Shephard, Neil & Creal, Drew, 2009. "Testing the assumptions behind importance sampling," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 149(1), pages 2-11, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:149:y:2009:i:1:p:2-11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Geweke, John, 1989. "Bayesian Inference in Econometric Models Using Monte Carlo Integration," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(6), pages 1317-1339, November.
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    3. Durham, Garland B., 2006. "Monte Carlo methods for estimating, smoothing, and filtering one- and two-factor stochastic volatility models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 133(1), pages 273-305, July.
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    12. Liesenfeld, Roman & Richard, Jean-Francois, 2003. "Univariate and multivariate stochastic volatility models: estimation and diagnostics," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 505-531, September.
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    14. Borus Jungbacker & Siem Jan Koopman, 2007. "Monte Carlo Estimation for Nonlinear Non-Gaussian State Space Models," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 94(4), pages 827-839.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Siem Jan Koopman & Rutger Lit & Andre Lucas, 2015. "Intraday Stochastic Volatility in Discrete Price Changes: the Dynamic Skellam Model," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 15-076/IV/DSF94, Tinbergen Institute.
    2. Charles S. Bos, 2011. "Relating Stochastic Volatility Estimation Methods," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 11-049/4, Tinbergen Institute.
    3. S. J. Koopman & G. Mesters, 2017. "Empirical Bayes Methods for Dynamic Factor Models," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 99(3), pages 486-498, July.
    4. G. Mesters & S. J. Koopman & M. Ooms, 2016. "Monte Carlo Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Generalized Long-Memory Time Series Models," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 659-687, April.
    5. Christian Brinch, 2012. "Efficient simulated maximum likelihood estimation through explicitly parameter dependent importance sampling," Computational Statistics, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 13-28, March.
    6. Mesters, G. & Koopman, S.J., 2014. "Generalized dynamic panel data models with random effects for cross-section and time," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 180(2), pages 127-140.
    7. Edward Herbst & Frank Schorfheide, 2014. "Sequential Monte Carlo Sampling For Dsge Models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 29(7), pages 1073-1098, November.
    8. Siem Jan Koopman & Rutger Lit, 2015. "A dynamic bivariate Poisson model for analysing and forecasting match results in the English Premier League," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 178(1), pages 167-186, January.
    9. Scharth, Marcel & Kohn, Robert, 2016. "Particle efficient importance sampling," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 190(1), pages 133-147.
    10. Wu, Xin-Yu & Ma, Chao-Qun & Wang, Shou-Yang, 2012. "Warrant pricing under GARCH diffusion model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 2237-2244.
    11. Falk Bräuning & Siem Jan Koopman, 2016. "The Dynamic Factor Network Model with an Application to Global Credit-Risk," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 16-105/III, Tinbergen Institute.
    12. Tore Selland Kleppe & Jun Yu & Hans J. skaug, 2011. "Simulated Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Latent Diffusion Models," Working Papers 10-2011, Singapore Management University, School of Economics.
    13. Mengheng Li & Siem Jan (S.J.) Koopman, 2018. "Unobserved Components with Stochastic Volatility in U.S. Inflation: Estimation and Signal Extraction," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 18-027/III, Tinbergen Institute.
    14. Dominik Bertsche & Robin Braun, 2017. "Identification of Structural Vector Autoregressions by Stochastic Volatility," Working Paper Series of the Department of Economics, University of Konstanz 2017-11, Department of Economics, University of Konstanz.
    15. Chao Huang & Jin-Guan Lin & Yan-Yan Ren, 2013. "Testing for the shape parameter of generalized extreme value distribution based on the $$L_q$$ -likelihood ratio statistic," Metrika: International Journal for Theoretical and Applied Statistics, Springer, vol. 76(5), pages 641-671, July.
    16. Pastorello, S. & Rossi, E., 2010. "Efficient importance sampling maximum likelihood estimation of stochastic differential equations," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 54(11), pages 2753-2762, November.
    17. Kleppe, Tore Selland & Yu, Jun & Skaug, Hans J., 2014. "Maximum likelihood estimation of partially observed diffusion models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 180(1), pages 73-80.
    18. Siem Jan Koopman & André Lucas & Marcel Scharth, 2015. "Numerically Accelerated Importance Sampling for Nonlinear Non-Gaussian State-Space Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(1), pages 114-127, January.
    19. Siem Jan Koopman & Rutger Lit & André Lucas, 2014. "The Dynamic Skellam Model with Applications," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-032/IV/DSF73, Tinbergen Institute, revised 06 Jul 2015.

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