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Numerically Accelerated Importance Sampling for Nonlinear Non-Gaussian State-Space Models

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  • Siem Jan Koopman
  • André Lucas
  • Marcel Scharth

Abstract

We propose a general likelihood evaluation method for nonlinear non-Gaussian state-space models using the simulation-based method of efficient importance sampling. We minimize the simulation effort by replacing some key steps of the likelihood estimation procedure by numerical integration. We refer to this method as numerically accelerated importance sampling. We show that the likelihood function for models with a high-dimensional state vector and a low-dimensional signal can be evaluated more efficiently using the new method. We report many efficiency gains in an extensive Monte Carlo study as well as in an empirical application using a stochastic volatility model for U.S. stock returns with multiple volatility factors. Supplementary materials for this article are available online.

Suggested Citation

  • Siem Jan Koopman & André Lucas & Marcel Scharth, 2015. "Numerically Accelerated Importance Sampling for Nonlinear Non-Gaussian State-Space Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(1), pages 114-127, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jnlbes:v:33:y:2015:i:1:p:114-127
    DOI: 10.1080/07350015.2014.925807
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Geweke, John, 1989. "Bayesian Inference in Econometric Models Using Monte Carlo Integration," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(6), pages 1317-1339, November.
    2. Florian Heiss, 2008. "Sequential numerical integration in nonlinear state space models for microeconometric panel data," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(3), pages 373-389.
    3. J. Durbin & S. J. Koopman, 2000. "Time series analysis of non‐Gaussian observations based on state space models from both classical and Bayesian perspectives," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 62(1), pages 3-56.
    4. Friedman, Moshe & Harris, Lawrence, 1998. "A Maximum Likelihood Approach for Non-Gaussian Stochastic Volatility Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 16(3), pages 284-291, July.
    5. Melino, Angelo & Turnbull, Stuart M., 1990. "Pricing foreign currency options with stochastic volatility," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 45(1-2), pages 239-265.
    6. Koopman, Siem Jan & Shephard, Neil & Creal, Drew, 2009. "Testing the assumptions behind importance sampling," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 149(1), pages 2-11, April.
    7. Luc Bauwens & Nikolaus Hautsch, 2006. "Stochastic Conditional Intensity Processes," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 4(3), pages 450-493.
    8. Liesenfeld, Roman & Richard, Jean-Francois, 2003. "Univariate and multivariate stochastic volatility models: estimation and diagnostics," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 505-531, September.
    9. BAUWENS, Luc & VEREDAS, David, 1999. "The stochastic conditional duration model: a latent factor model for the analysis of financial durations," CORE Discussion Papers 1999058, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    10. Bauwens, L. & Galli, F., 2009. "Efficient importance sampling for ML estimation of SCD models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 53(6), pages 1974-1992, April.
    11. Durbin, James & Koopman, Siem Jan, 2012. "Time Series Analysis by State Space Methods," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, edition 2, number 9780199641178.
    12. Bauwens, Luc & Veredas, David, 2004. "The stochastic conditional duration model: a latent variable model for the analysis of financial durations," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 119(2), pages 381-412, April.
    13. Tauchen, George E & Pitts, Mark, 1983. "The Price Variability-Volume Relationship on Speculative Markets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(2), pages 485-505, March.
    14. Kloek, Tuen & van Dijk, Herman K, 1978. "Bayesian Estimates of Equation System Parameters: An Application of Integration by Monte Carlo," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 1-19, January.
    15. Borus Jungbacker & Siem Jan Koopman, 2007. "Monte Carlo Estimation for Nonlinear Non-Gaussian State Space Models," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 94(4), pages 827-839.
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    17. Andrew J. Patton, 2006. "Modelling Asymmetric Exchange Rate Dependence," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 47(2), pages 527-556, May.
    18. J. Durbin, 2002. "A simple and efficient simulation smoother for state space time series analysis," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 89(3), pages 603-616, August.
    19. Danielsson, J & Richard, J-F, 1993. "Accelerated Gaussian Importance Sampler with Application to Dynamic Latent Variable Models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(S), pages 153-173, Suppl. De.
    20. Richard, Jean-Francois & Zhang, Wei, 2007. "Efficient high-dimensional importance sampling," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 141(2), pages 1385-1411, December.
    21. Shephard, Neil (ed.), 2005. "Stochastic Volatility: Selected Readings," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199257201.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Siem Jan Koopman & Rutger Lit & André Lucas, 2017. "Intraday Stochastic Volatility in Discrete Price Changes: The Dynamic Skellam Model," Journal of the American Statistical Association, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 112(520), pages 1490-1503, October.
    2. S. J. Koopman & G. Mesters, 2017. "Empirical Bayes Methods for Dynamic Factor Models," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 99(3), pages 486-498, July.
    3. Baştürk, N. & Borowska, A. & Grassi, S. & Hoogerheide, L. & van Dijk, H.K., 2019. "Forecast density combinations of dynamic models and data driven portfolio strategies," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 210(1), pages 170-186.
    4. Siem Jan Koopman & André Lucas & Marcel Scharth, 2016. "Predicting Time-Varying Parameters with Parameter-Driven and Observation-Driven Models," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 98(1), pages 97-110, March.
    5. Scharth, Marcel & Kohn, Robert, 2016. "Particle efficient importance sampling," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 190(1), pages 133-147.
    6. Leopoldo Catania & Roberto Di Mari & Paolo Santucci de Magistris, 2019. "Dynamic discrete mixtures for high frequency prices," Discussion Papers 19/05, University of Nottingham, Granger Centre for Time Series Econometrics.
    7. Siem Jan Koopman & Rutger Lit & Thuy Minh Nguyen, 2012. "Fast Efficient Importance Sampling by State Space Methods," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-008/4, Tinbergen Institute, revised 16 Oct 2014.
    8. Blasques, Francisco & Koopman, Siem Jan & Lucas, Andre & Schaumburg, Julia, 2016. "Spillover dynamics for systemic risk measurement using spatial financial time series models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 195(2), pages 211-223.
    9. Mengheng Li & Siem Jan (S.J.) Koopman, 2018. "Unobserved Components with Stochastic Volatility in U.S. Inflation: Estimation and Signal Extraction," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 18-027/III, Tinbergen Institute.
    10. Mao, Xiuping & Ruiz Ortega, Esther & Lopes Moreira Da Veiga, María Helena, 2014. "Score driven asymmetric stochastic volatility models," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS ws142618, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    11. István Barra & Lennart Hoogerheide & Siem Jan Koopman & André Lucas, 2017. "Joint Bayesian Analysis of Parameters and States in Nonlinear non‐Gaussian State Space Models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(5), pages 1003-1026, August.
    12. Siem Jan Koopman & Marcel Scharth, 2012. "The Analysis of Stochastic Volatility in the Presence of Daily Realized Measures," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 11(1), pages 76-115, December.
    13. Siem Jan Koopman & Rutger Lit & André Lucas, 2014. "The Dynamic Skellam Model with Applications," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-032/IV/DSF73, Tinbergen Institute, revised 06 Jul 2015.
    14. repec:eee:intfor:v:33:y:2017:i:4:p:1105-1123 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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