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Constructing compact cities: How urban regeneration can enhance growth and relieve congestion

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  • Li, Jiewei
  • Lu, Ming
  • Lu, Tianyi

Abstract

Urban population growth worsens congestion. However, this effect can be weakened by taller and denser city centers. Considering the important role played by intraurban density patterns, we modeled a mechanism to explain how urban regeneration can relieve population congestion. The model suggests two effects as follows: a direct concentration and an indirect growth effect. The direct concentration effect worsens congestion with little loss of welfare, whereas an indirect growth effect reduces the marginal congestion of population growth. These findings suggest that megacities should build taller and denser city centers through urban regeneration. Moreover, governments should regenerate megacities to support population growth instead of investing in new or smaller cities. This study helps bridge research on urban growth and planning, which warrants further investigation.

Suggested Citation

  • Li, Jiewei & Lu, Ming & Lu, Tianyi, 2022. "Constructing compact cities: How urban regeneration can enhance growth and relieve congestion," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 113(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:113:y:2022:i:c:s0264999322000748
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2022.105828
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regeneration; Intraurban density pattern; Population–congestion relationship; Urban growth;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns

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