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Climate change effects and their interactions: An analysis aiming at policy implications

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  • Halkos, George E.
  • Tsilika, Kyriaki D.

Abstract

In this study we provide a computerized graph structure for synthesizing and displaying the data on a region’s ecosystem-economic system. By applying Mathematica-based graph modeling we create a causal network of the synergistic impact mechanism among certain climate related factors. Our computational approach identifies a climate factor that affects most immediately or most strongly the others. Important factors are indicated through the use of graph theoretical tools. Our graph-based approach and its computational aspects allow for factor ranking(s) according to their importance to the network both numerically and visually, for certain settlement types. Our contribution provides quantitative estimates of impacts and adaptation potentials of five potential effects of climate change (migration, flooding-landslides-fire, air and water pollution, human health and energy-water-other resources) which play a substantial role at the synergistic impact mechanism. By using graph visualization techniques, the structure of the synergistic impact mechanism is self-evident. Specifically, graph layouts are created to detect i) the causal relationships of the synergistic mechanism under study ii) the most influential factor(s) in the synergistic mechanism and iii) classify the factor’s roles (based on the degree of their impact) within the coping mechanism. Highlighting graph elements let information for policy implications stand out.

Suggested Citation

  • Halkos, George E. & Tsilika, Kyriaki D., 2017. "Climate change effects and their interactions: An analysis aiming at policy implications," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 140-146.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecanpo:v:53:y:2017:i:c:p:140-146
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eap.2017.01.005
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. George E. Halkos, 2013. "Exploring the economy -- environment relationship in the case of sulphur emissions," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 56(2), pages 159-177, March.
    2. Konstantinos I. Evangelinos & George E. Halkos, 2002. "Implementation Of Environmental Management Systems Standards: Important Factors In Corporate Decision Making," Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management (JEAPM), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 4(03), pages 311-328.
    3. Halkos, George, 2014. "The Economics of Climate Change Policy: Critical review and future policy directions," MPRA Paper 56841, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Amman, Hans M. & Kendrick, David A., 2003. "Mitigation of the Lucas critique with stochastic control methods," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 27(11-12), pages 2035-2057, September.
    5. Amman, Hans M. & Duraiappah, Anantha Kumar, 2004. "Land tenure and conflict resolution: a game theoretic approach in the Narok district in Kenya," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(3), pages 383-407, July.
    6. I�aki Aldasoro & Ignazio Angeloni, 2015. "Input-output-based measures of systemic importance," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(4), pages 589-606, April.
    7. Amman, Hans M & Kendrick, David A, 1999. "Should Macroeconomic Policy Makers Consider Parameter Covariances?," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 14(3), pages 263-267, December.
    8. Halkos, George & Tsilika, Kyriaki, 2014. "Analyzing and visualizing the synergistic impact mechanisms of climate change related costs," MPRA Paper 55459, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. George E. Halkos & Konstantinos I. Evangelinos, 2002. "Determinants of environmental management systems standards implementation: evidence from Greek industry," Business Strategy and the Environment, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(6), pages 360-375, November.
    10. Halkos, George & Matsiori, Steriani, 2012. "Determinants of willingness to pay for coastal zone quality improvement," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 391-399.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Uttam Khanal & Clevo Wilson & Boon L. Lee & Viet-Ngu Hoang, 2018. "Climate change adaptation strategies and food productivity in Nepal: a counterfactual analysis," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 148(4), pages 575-590, June.
    2. Halkos, George & Tsilika, Kyriaki, 2021. "Computational aspects of sustainability: Conceptual review and analytical framework," MPRA Paper 109632, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Hasan, M. Mehedi & Alauddin, Mohammad & Rashid Sarker, Md. Abdur & Jakaria, Mohammad & Alamgir, Mahiuddin, 2019. "Climate sensitivity of wheat yield in Bangladesh: Implications for the United Nations sustainable development goals 2 and 6," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 87(C).
    4. Khanal, Uttam & Wilson, Clevo & Hoang, Vincent & Lee, Boon, 2015. "Autonomous adaptations to climate change and rice productivity: a case study of the Tanahun district, Nepal," MPRA Paper 106916, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Alauddin, Mohammad & Rashid Sarker, Md. Abdur & Islam, Zeenatul & Tisdell, Clement, 2020. "Adoption of alternate wetting and drying (AWD) irrigation as a water-saving technology in Bangladesh: Economic and environmental considerations," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 91(C).
    6. Nguyen, Giang & Nguyen, Trung Thanh, 2020. "Exposure to weather shocks: A comparison between self-reported record and extreme weather data," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 117-138.
    7. Dritsas, Sophoclis E., 2020. "The effect of sea level rise on coastal populations: The case of the Gironde (Estuaries of Gironde)," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 41-50.
    8. Halkos, George & Barmpoudaki, Kyriaki & Voulagkas, George & Tsilika, Kyriaki, 2018. "Exploring the EMEP Input-Output model of air pollution," MPRA Paper 90267, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Halkos, George & Tsilika, Kyriaki, 2017. "Computational analysis of source receptor air pollution problems," MPRA Paper 77305, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Halkos, George & Managi, Shunsuke, 2017. "Land use, forest preservation and biodiversity in Asia," MPRA Paper 82883, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Halkos, George & Bampatsou, Christina, 2017. "Technical efficiency, productivity change and environmental degradation," MPRA Paper 77176, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. George E. Halkos & Christina Bampatsou, 2019. "Economic growth and environmental degradation: a conditional nonparametric frontier analysis," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 21(2), pages 325-347, April.
    13. Halkos, George & Managi, Shunsuke & Tsilika, Kyriaki, 2018. "Spatiotemporal distribution of inclusive wealth data: An illustrated guide," MPRA Paper 85711, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Halkos, George & Kitsos, Christos, 2018. "Uncertainty in environmental economics: The problem of entropy and model choice," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 127-140.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Graph theory; Node centrality; Mathematica; Climate related factors; Environmental economics computation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques
    • C88 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Other Computer Software

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