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How does outward foreign direct investment enhance firm productivity? A heterogeneous empirical analysis from Chinese manufacturing

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  • Huang, Youxing
  • Zhang, Yan

Abstract

Using an original linked firm-level panel data from Chinese manufacturing firms over the period 2002–2007, this paper examines how outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) led productivity increase of parent firms (known as the own-firm effect) changes over firm heterogeneity. Conducting propensity score matching (PSM) techniques and differences-in-differences (DID) analysis, we find strong and robust evidence that the first OFDI promotes parent firm's productivity and this effect varies substantially with the firms' characteristics. In particular, firm's absorptive capacity is essential for the own-firm effect, and the absorptive capacity related with the product innovation is more important than that of the process innovation for the own-firm effect. Also, OFDI strategies for obtaining advanced technology and investing in developed countries significantly strengthen the own-firm effect, whereas, government supports have no significant impacts on the own-firm effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Huang, Youxing & Zhang, Yan, 2017. "How does outward foreign direct investment enhance firm productivity? A heterogeneous empirical analysis from Chinese manufacturing," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 1-15.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:chieco:v:44:y:2017:i:c:p:1-15
    DOI: 10.1016/j.chieco.2017.03.001
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    1. repec:eee:chieco:v:47:y:2018:i:c:p:47-64 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:scn:financ:y:2017:i:6:p:80-93 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Foreign direct investment; Chinese manufacturing; Productivity; Propensity score matching; Differences-in-differences;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East

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