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China and WTO liberalization: Imports, tariffs and non-tariff barriers

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  • Imbruno, Michele

Abstract

This paper explores the effectiveness of different trade policy instruments on product-level Chinese imports over the period of 2000–2006. More specifically, in addition to the declines in tariffs, we investigate the impact on imports of the gradual removal of non-tariff barriers (NTBs) as agreed within the WTO's accession protocol in 2001 (such as import quotas, licenses and tendering requirements). We document that while manufacturing imports mainly increase because of tariff cuts, agricultural imports grow due to the elimination of import licenses. However, we provide evidence that quota elimination is associated with a redistribution of imports along a larger range of countries, whereas tendering liberalization is connected to an import reallocation from OECD to non-OECD countries. Finally, we also find that NTB protection is complementary to tariff protection and discriminating against foreign-owned manufacturing firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Imbruno, Michele, 2016. "China and WTO liberalization: Imports, tariffs and non-tariff barriers," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 222-237.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:chieco:v:38:y:2016:i:c:p:222-237
    DOI: 10.1016/j.chieco.2016.02.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Michele Imbruno, 2018. "Importing under trade policy uncertainty: Evidence from China," Working Papers halshs-01823910, HAL.
    2. Mahdi Ghodsi, 2018. "The Impact of Chinese Technical Barriers to Trade on its Manufacturing Imports," wiiw Working Papers 146, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    3. repec:eee:chieco:v:46:y:2017:i:c:p:97-109 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jacopo Timini & Marina Conesa, 2018. "Chinese exports and non-tariff measures: testing for heterogeneous effects at the product level," Working Papers 1830, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    WTO liberalization; Tariffs; Non-tariff barriers; Imports; China;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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