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Does hospital competition improve health care delivery in China?

Author

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  • Pan, Jay
  • Qin, Xuezheng
  • Li, Qian
  • Messina, Joseph P.
  • Delamater, Paul L.

Abstract

This paper analyzes whether hospital competition is associated with improved health care delivery in China, particularly in the dimensions of health care quality and cost. We explore the differences in competition over time and across regions to examine the relationship in an environment wherein the hospital industry is largely state owned, the price of medical care is partially regulated, and hospitals can compete on both quality and cost. Using provincial- and individual-level data, along with a set of outcome indicators, we find that hospital competition is significantly correlated with lower observation room mortality, shorter outpatient waiting time, and fewer outpatient costs, while we do not find evidence that would suggest negative influences of competition on the other measures of hospital performance. Our results offer new evidence in support of competition-based reforms in China's health care sector and provide implications for other developing countries facing similar health care challenges.

Suggested Citation

  • Pan, Jay & Qin, Xuezheng & Li, Qian & Messina, Joseph P. & Delamater, Paul L., 2015. "Does hospital competition improve health care delivery in China?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 179-199.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:chieco:v:33:y:2015:i:c:p:179-199
    DOI: 10.1016/j.chieco.2015.02.002
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    4. Kao, Chiang & Pang, Rui-Zhi & Liu, Shiang-Tai & Bai, Xue-Jie, 2021. "Most productive types of hospitals: An empirical analysis," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 99(C).
    5. Carrie Colla & Julie Bynum & Andrea Austin & Jonathan Skinner, 2016. "Hospital Competition, Quality, and Expenditures in the U.S. Medicare Population," NBER Working Papers 22826, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Pan, Jay & Liu, Dan & Ali, Shehzad, 2015. "Patient dissatisfaction in China: What matters," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 143(C), pages 145-153.
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    8. Guanfu Fang & Hui Cao, 2020. "State versus private provision: How does China’s market‐oriented reform affect healthcare delivery?," Economics of Transition and Institutional Change, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 28(3), pages 381-411, July.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Hospital competition; Health care quality; Health care cost; China;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General
    • L30 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - General

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