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Provincial Clustering in the Southern of Thailand : Concept and Empirical


  • Kiatkajon CHAIRAT
  • Supachart SUKHAROMANA


This paper presents the geographical cluster as provincial clustering in 14 provinces in the Southern part of Thailand. We formulate 24 indicators as variable base on three major concepts of cluster, which are Spatial, Functional and Micro-foundation concepts. Factor analysis show that these indicators can determine provincial clustering. Cluster analysis describes provincial clustering (group) trend from 2 groups up to 13 groups and can be categories into 5 cases from 3 to 7 groups. In each case, we can determine forms of group using the proximity criteria. Discrimination analysis help classified the most appropriate form in each case. Under the indicators of three concepts of cluster, 3 and 4 groups are appropriate form and indicate that provinces within group are closely located, making the provincial linkages and consistent with the definition and goal of the provincial clustering.

Suggested Citation

  • Kiatkajon CHAIRAT & Sumalee SANTIPOLLAVUT & Supachart SUKHAROMANA, 2015. "Provincial Clustering in the Southern of Thailand : Concept and Empirical," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 15(1), pages 161-172.
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:15:y:2015:i:1_12

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michael E. Porter, 2000. "Location, Competition, and Economic Development: Local Clusters in a Global Economy," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 14(1), pages 15-34, February.
    2. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
    3. Henderson, J. Vernon, 2003. "Marshall's scale economies," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 1-28, January.
    4. Hanson, Gordon H, 1996. "Localization Economies, Vertical Organization, and Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(5), pages 1266-1278, December.
    5. Roy J. Ruffin, 2002. "David Ricardo's Discovery of Comparative Advantage," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 34(4), pages 727-748, Winter.
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    More about this item


    Geographical cluster; Provincial clustering; Agglomeration effect.;

    JEL classification:

    • N95 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Asia including Middle East
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy


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