IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/diw/diwvjh/79-2-9.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Elektromobilität in Deutschland: Chancen, Barrieren und Auswirkungen auf das Elektrizitätssystem

Author

Listed:
  • Wolf-Peter Schill

Abstract

Electric mobility has recently received much attention from politics, media, car companies and electric utilities. This article discusses technical aspects, chances and barriers of electric mobility. Compared to internal combustion engines, electric vehicles have several potential advantages: low local emissions, increased energy efficiency, a diversification of energy sources and the possibility of using renewable energy. In addition, there are synergies between the vehicle fleet and the electricity system, which might be realized by implementating the Vehicle-to-Grid concept. The low cost-effectiveness of electric vehicles is a major barrier. Moreover, there are infrastructural and socio-cultural obstacles. As for the impact on the electricity system, a differentiated view is necessary. In general, existing German power plants are capable of generating the additional electricity required by future e-mobility scenarios. Problematic peak loads however can only be avoided if vehicle loading is carried out in a controlled way. In the short run, it should not be expected that electric vehicles lead to significant reductions of German carbon emissons. Yet in the long run, electric mobility might provide a sustainable technology pathway, particularly if there is an additional expansion of renewable energy. Nonetheless, integrating electric vehicles in a sustainable overall mobility concept is required. Politik, Medien, Fahrzeugbauer und Energieunternehmen widmen der Elektromobilität derzeit große Aufmerksamkeit. Dieser Artikel beleuchtet technische Aspekte, Chancen und Barrieren elektrischer Fahrzeugantriebe und ordnet sie in einen Gesamtzusammenhang ein. Vorteile gegenüber klassischen Verbrennungsmotoren bestehen in geringen lokalen Emissionen, einer höheren Energieeffizienz, der Verbreiterung der energetischen Ressourcenbasis und der Möglichkeit zur Nutzung erneuerbarer Energien. Bei Umsetzung des Vehicle-to-Grid-Konzepts könnten zudem Synergien zwischen der Fahrzeugflotte und dem Elektrizitätssystem erschlossen werden. Die derzeit schlechte Wirtschaftlichkeit von Elektrofahrzeugen stellt jedoch eine erhebliche Barriere dar. Daneben bestehen infrastrukturelle und soziokulturelle Hürden. Die Auswirkungen auf das Elektrizitätssystem sind differenziert zu betrachten: Während die mittelfristig benötigten Energiemengen bereits mit dem heutigen Kraftwerkspark darstellbar sind, können problematische Lastspitzen nur bei einer gesteuerten Aufladung vermieden werden. Kurzfristig sind in Deutschland von elektrischen Fahrzeugantrieben keine signifikanten CO2-Einsparungen zu erwarten. Langfristig könnte durch ihre Einführung jedoch ein zukunftsfähiger Pfad eingeschlagen werden, insbesondere wenn ein zusätzlicher Ausbau erneuerbarer Energien erfolgt. Die Einbettung individueller Elektromobilität in ein nachhaltiges Gesamtkonzept ist jedoch erforderlich.

Suggested Citation

  • Wolf-Peter Schill, 2010. "Elektromobilität in Deutschland: Chancen, Barrieren und Auswirkungen auf das Elektrizitätssystem," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(2), pages 139-159.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:79-2-9
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/DH/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.79.2.139
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Andersson, S.-L. & Elofsson, A.K. & Galus, M.D. & Göransson, L. & Karlsson, S. & Johnsson, F. & Andersson, G., 2010. "Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles as regulating power providers: Case studies of Sweden and Germany," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(6), pages 2751-2762, June.
    2. Turrentine, Thomas S. & Kurani, Kenneth S., 2007. "Car buyers and fuel economy?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 1213-1223, February.
    3. Thompson, Philip B, 1997. "Evaluating energy efficiency investments: accounting for risk in the discounting process," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 989-996, October.
    4. Guille, Christophe & Gross, George, 2009. "A conceptual framework for the vehicle-to-grid (V2G) implementation," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4379-4390, November.
    5. Jerry A. Hausman, 1979. "Individual Discount Rates and the Purchase and Utilization of Energy-Using Durables," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 10(1), pages 33-54, Spring.
    6. Turrentine, Tom & Kurani, Kenneth S, 2007. "Car buyers and fuel economy?," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt56x845v4, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Schill, Wolf-Peter & Gerbaulet, Clemens, 2015. "Power System Impacts of Electric Vehicles in Germany: Charging with Coal or Renewables," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 185-196.
    2. Wolf-Peter, Schill, 2011. "Electric vehicles in imperfect electricity markets: The case of Germany," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 6178-6189, October.
    3. Schill, Wolf-Peter, 2011. "Electric Vehicles in Imperfect Electricity Markets," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 6178-6189.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Transportation; Electric Vehicles; Vehicle-to-Grid; Electricity; Germany;

    JEL classification:

    • L62 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Automobiles; Other Transportation Equipment; Related Parts and Equipment
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:79-2-9. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bibliothek). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/diwbede.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.