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Modeling Strategic Electricity Storage: The Case of Pumped Hydro Storage in Germany

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  • Wolf-Peter Schill
  • Claudia Kemfert

Abstract

We study the strategic utilization of storage in imperfect electricity markets. We apply a game-theoretic Cournot model to the German power market and analyze different counterfactual and realistic cases of pumped hydro storage. Our main finding is that both storage utilization and storage-related welfare effects depend on storage ownership and the operator's involvement in conventional generation. Strategic operators generally under-utilize owned storage capacity. Strategic storage operation may also lead to welfare losses, in particular if the total storage capacity is controlled by an oligopolistic generator that also owns conventional generation capacity. Yet in the current German situation, pumped hydro storage is not a relevant source of market power.

Suggested Citation

  • Wolf-Peter Schill & Claudia Kemfert, 2011. "Modeling Strategic Electricity Storage: The Case of Pumped Hydro Storage in Germany," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 3), pages 59-88.
  • Handle: RePEc:aen:journl:32-3-a03
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    2. Michael Pahle, Kai Lessmann, Ottmar Edenhofer, and Nico Bauer, 2013. "Investments in Imperfect Power Markets under Carbon Pricing: A Case Study Based Analysis," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 4).
    3. Kamiński, Jacek, 2014. "A blocked takeover in the Polish power sector: A model-based analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 42-52.
    4. repec:eee:energy:v:140:y:2017:i:p1:p:318-329 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Schill, Wolf-Peter, 2011. "Electric Vehicles in Imperfect Electricity Markets," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 6178-6189.
    6. Andreas Schröder & Friedrich Kunz & Jan Meiss & Roman Mendelevitch & Christian von Hirschhausen, 2013. "Current and Prospective Costs of Electricity Generation until 2050," Data Documentation 68, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    7. Geth, F. & Brijs, T. & Kathan, J. & Driesen, J. & Belmans, R., 2015. "An overview of large-scale stationary electricity storage plants in Europe: Current status and new developments," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 1212-1227.
    8. Rintamäki, Tuomas & Siddiqui, Afzal S. & Salo, Ahti, 2016. "How much is enough? Optimal support payments in a renewable-rich power system," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 117(P1), pages 300-313.
    9. Steffen, Bjarne & Weber, Christoph, 2016. "Optimal operation of pumped-hydro storage plants with continuous time-varying power prices," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 252(1), pages 308-321.
    10. Wolf-Peter, Schill, 2011. "Electric vehicles in imperfect electricity markets: The case of Germany," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 6178-6189, October.
    11. Karsten Neuhoff & Sophia Rüster & Sebastian Schwenen, 2015. "Power Market Design beyond 2020: Time to Revisit Key Elements?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1456, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    12. Schroeder, Andreas & Traber, Thure, 2012. "The economics of fast charging infrastructure for electric vehicles," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 136-144.
    13. Ramteen Sioshansi & Paul Denholm & Thomas Jenkin, 2012. "Market and Policy Barriers to Deployment of Energy Storage," Economics of Energy & Environmental Policy, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 2).
    14. Sousa, Jorge A.M. & Teixeira, Fábio & Faias, Sérgio, 2014. "Impact of a price-maker pumped storage hydro unit on the integration of wind energy in power systems," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 3-11.
    15. Sioshansi, Ramteen, 2014. "When energy storage reduces social welfare," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 106-116.
    16. Zafirakis, Dimitrios & Chalvatzis, Konstantinos J. & Baiocchi, Giovanni & Daskalakis, Georgios, 2016. "The value of arbitrage for energy storage: Evidence from European electricity markets," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 184(C), pages 971-986.
    17. Anaya, K. & Pollitt, M., 2018. "Storage Business Models: Lessons for Electricity from Natural Gas, Cloud Data and Frozen Food," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1810, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    18. Kamiński Jacek, 2014. "Primary energy consumption in the power generation sector and various market structures: a modelling approach," Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi / Mineral Resources Management, De Gruyter Open, vol. 30(4), pages 1-14, December.
    19. Tom Brijs & Frederik Geth & Sauleh Siddiqui & Benjamin F. Hobbs & Ronnie Belmans, 2016. "Price-Based Unit Commitment Electricity Storage Arbitrage with Piecewise Linear Price-Effects," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1567, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    20. Thao Pham, 2015. "Energiewende and competition in Germany: Diagnosing market power in wholesale electricity market," ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2015(2), pages 29-49.

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    • F0 - International Economics - - General

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