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Innovation im Staatsauftrag: FuE-Institute Indiens und Chinas im Vergleich

Author

Listed:
  • Marcus Conlé
  • Margot Schüller
  • Jan Peter Wogart

Abstract

The development of innovative enterprises in China and India has been hampered for a long time due to missing linkages between the research and enterprise sector and the predominant role of public research institutes. In order to increase the international competitiveness of enterprises, both countries changed their innovation policy and created incentives for a closer cooperation among actors in the national innovation system (NIS) and supported the set up of new intermediaries. This contribution analyses the adjustment of the two largest national research institutes (CAS and CSIR) to the changes in the economic environment and their contribution to the reorientation of the NIS. Staatliche Forschungsinstitute waren in China und Indien lange Zeit die wichtigsten Träger von FuE. Die Entwicklung innovativer Unternehmen war durch die Trennung zwischen Forschungs- und Unternehmenssektor behindert. Um die internationale Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der Unternehmen zu erhöhen, erfolgte eine Neuausrichtung der Innovationspolitik in beiden Ländern. Die Anreize zur Zusammenarbeit zwischen den Akteuren im Innovationssystem stiegen. Untersucht wird, wie sich die zwei größten staatlichen Forschungsinstitute (CAS und CSIR) an die Veränderungen der ökonomischen Rahmenbedingungen angepasst und welchen Beitrag sie heute im nationalen Innovationssystem leisten.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcus Conlé & Margot Schüller & Jan Peter Wogart, 2008. "Innovation im Staatsauftrag: FuE-Institute Indiens und Chinas im Vergleich," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 77(2), pages 162-183.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:77-2-11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    National Innovation System; Innovation Policy; Research Institutes; China; CAS; CSIR; India;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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