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Kindertageseinrichtungen und Müttererwerbstätigkeit: neue Erkenntnisse zu einem bekannten Zusammenhang

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  • Felix Büchel
  • C. Katharina Spieß

Abstract

Untersuchungsgegenstand dieses Beitrags ist der Einfluss der regionalen Versorgung mit Kindertageseinrichtungen auf das Erwerbsverhalten von westdeutschen Müttern mit kleinen Kindern, die noch nicht schulpflichtig sind. Basierend auf den Daten des SOEP (1998) und zusätzlichen Informationen der amtlichen Statistik auf Kreisebene betrachten wir mit multinomialen Logit-Modellen die Wahrscheinlichkeit der Ausübung einer Teilzeit- oder geringfügigen Erwerbstätigkeit sowie einer Vollzeiterwerbstätigkeit alternativ zu einer Nichterwerbstätigkeit. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass eine bessere regionale Kindergartenversorgung die Ausübung einer reduzierten Erwerbstätigkeit begünstigt; dagegen spielt die Krippenversorgung eine untergeordnete Rolle. Ein höherer Anteil an Ganztagesplätzen wirkt sich positiv sowohl auf die Ausübung einer eingeschränkten als auch einer Vollzeiterwerbstätigkeit aus. Bei den Kontrollvariablen zeigen sich - bezüglich der Erwerbsentscheidung der Mutter - signifikante Effekte für das Alter des jüngsten Kindes, die Anzahl der Kinder im Kindergartenalter, das Alter der Mutter, den finanziellen Hintergrund sowie die Humankapitalausstattung der Mutter; allerdings wirken diese Einflussgrößen zum Teil sehr unterschiedlich auf die beiden unterschiedenen Formen der Erwerbstätigkeit.

Suggested Citation

  • Felix Büchel & C. Katharina Spieß, 2002. "Kindertageseinrichtungen und Müttererwerbstätigkeit: neue Erkenntnisse zu einem bekannten Zusammenhang," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 71(1), pages 95-113.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:71-10-8
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Hank, Karsten & Kreyenfeld, Michaela & Spieß, Christa Katharina, 2004. "Kinderbetreuung und Fertilität in Deutschland," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 228-244.
    2. Hanel Barbara & Riphahn Regina T., 2012. "The Employment of Mothers – Recent Developments and their Determinants in East and West Germany," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 232(2), pages 146-176, April.
    3. Karsten Hank & Michaela Kreyenfeld, 2002. "A Multilevel Analysis of Child Care and the Transition to Motherhood in Western Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 290, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    4. Martin Schlotter, 2012. "Educational Production in Preschools and Schools - Microeconometric Evidence from Germany," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 41, March.
    5. Berkay Özcan & Karl Ulrich Mayer & Joerg Luedicke, 2010. "The impact of unemployment on the transition to parenthood," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 23(29), pages 807-846, October.
    6. Mareike Wagner, 2012. "The Impact of Social Support Networks on Maternal Employment: A Comparison of West German, East German and Migrant Mothers of Pre-School Children," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 483, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    7. Bauernschuster, Stefan & Schlotter, Martin, 2015. "Public child care and mothers' labor supply—Evidence from two quasi-experiments," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 1-16.
    8. Thomas A. DiPrete & S. Philip Morgan & Henriette Engelhardt & Hana Pacalova, 2003. "Do Cross-National Differences in the Costs of Children Generate Cross-National Differences in Fertility Rates?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 355, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    9. Boll, Christina & Lagemann, Andreas, 2017. "Public childcare and maternal labour supply: New evidence for Germany," HWWI Research Papers 180, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
    10. Blome, Agnes, 2011. "Work/care policies in European welfare states: Continuing variety or change towards a common model?," Discussion Papers, Research Professorship Demographic Development, Social Change, and Social Capital SP I 2011-401, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    11. Michaela Kreyenfeld, 2004. "Sozialstruktur und Kinderbetreuung: Eine Analyse der sozialen und ökonomischen Determinanten der Nutzung von Kindertageseinrichtungen," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2004-009, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    12. Beate Henschel, 2008. "Why is the share of women willing to work in East Germany larger than in West Germany? A logit model of extensive labour supply decision," ifo Working Paper Series 56, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.

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