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Kindertageseinrichtungen und Müttererwerbstätigkeit: neue Erkenntnisse zu einem bekannten Zusammenhang

Listed author(s):
  • Felix Büchel
  • C. Katharina Spieß

Untersuchungsgegenstand dieses Beitrags ist der Einfluss der regionalen Versorgung mit Kindertageseinrichtungen auf das Erwerbsverhalten von westdeutschen Müttern mit kleinen Kindern, die noch nicht schulpflichtig sind. Basierend auf den Daten des SOEP (1998) und zusätzlichen Informationen der amtlichen Statistik auf Kreisebene betrachten wir mit multinomialen Logit-Modellen die Wahrscheinlichkeit der Ausübung einer Teilzeit- oder geringfügigen Erwerbstätigkeit sowie einer Vollzeiterwerbstätigkeit alternativ zu einer Nichterwerbstätigkeit. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass eine bessere regionale Kindergartenversorgung die Ausübung einer reduzierten Erwerbstätigkeit begünstigt; dagegen spielt die Krippenversorgung eine untergeordnete Rolle. Ein höherer Anteil an Ganztagesplätzen wirkt sich positiv sowohl auf die Ausübung einer eingeschränkten als auch einer Vollzeiterwerbstätigkeit aus. Bei den Kontrollvariablen zeigen sich - bezüglich der Erwerbsentscheidung der Mutter - signifikante Effekte für das Alter des jüngsten Kindes, die Anzahl der Kinder im Kindergartenalter, das Alter der Mutter, den finanziellen Hintergrund sowie die Humankapitalausstattung der Mutter; allerdings wirken diese Einflussgrößen zum Teil sehr unterschiedlich auf die beiden unterschiedenen Formen der Erwerbstätigkeit.

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Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 71 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 95-113

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:71-10-8
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  1. Patricia M. Anderson & Philip B. Levine, 1999. "Child Care and Mothers' Employment Decisions," NBER Working Papers 7058, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Datta Gupta, Nabanita & Smith, Nina, 2002. "Children and Career Interruptions: The Family Gap in Denmark," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 69(276), pages 609-629, November.
  3. Michaela Kreyenfeld & Karsten Hank, 1999. "The Availability of Child Care and Mothers' Employment in West Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 191, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  4. James J. Heckman, 1974. "Effects of Child-Care Programs on Women's Work Effort," NBER Chapters,in: Marriage, Family, Human Capital, and Fertility, pages 136-169 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Killingsworth, Mark R. & Heckman, James J., 1987. "Female labor supply: A survey," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 2, pages 103-204 Elsevier.
  6. Charles Michalopoulos & Philip K. Robins, 2000. "Employment and child-care choices in Canada and the United States," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(2), pages 435-470, May.
  7. Jenkins, Stephen P & Symons, Elizabeth J, 2001. "Child Care Costs and Lone Mothers' Employment Rates: UK Evidence," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 69(2), pages 121-147, March.
  8. Karsten Hank & Michaela Kreyenfeld, 2000. "Does the availability of childcare influence the employment of mothers? Findings from western Germany," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2000-003, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  9. James J. Heckrnan, 1974. "Effects of Child-Care Programs on Women's Work Effort," NBER Chapters,in: Economics of the Family: Marriage, Children, and Human Capital, pages 491-524 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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