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Autorité de gestion et avaries communes-pour un complément du droit de l’entreprise?

  • Blanche Segrestin

    ()

    (MINES ParisTech)

  • Armand Hatchuel

    ()

    (MINES ParisTech)

Registered author(s):

    (VF)Comment expliquer que la gouvernance reste dominée, malgré les critiques, par une approche davantage actionnariale que partenariale ? Cet article explore l’hypothèse selon laquelle cette rémanence s’expliquerait par une insuffisance du droit. Le droit donne en effet de grands pouvoirs aux dirigeants d’entreprise, mais sans en encadrer les conditions d’exercice ou les effets. D’autres cas montrent qu’historiquement le droit est intervenu avec des règles particulières pour faire qu’une autorité de gestion, comme celle du capitaine de navire, soit efficace et juste. En étudiant la règle des «avaries communes», l’article révèle certaines règles qui sont aujourd’hui malmenées dans l’entreprise et dont le droit pourrait se saisir.(VA)What can explain the prevalence of shareholder-centered approaches to corporate governance despite their ever-growing critics? The article explores one possible explanation: the law, which is compatible with both shareholder- and stakeholder- centered approaches, gives managers great power but without regulating either the conditions of its exercise or its effects. Historical observation renders examples where the law has specified certain rules to make managerial authority, such as the the one of a ship’s captain, both efficient and fair. Analyzing the rules of “general averages”, the article reveals how such rules are neglected in contemporary firms and how the law could support a more collaborative governance.

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    File URL: http://leg2.u-bourgogne.fr/rev/142036.pdf
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    Article provided by revues.org in its journal Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie.

    Volume (Year): 14 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages: 9-36.

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    Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:14:y:2011:i:q2:p:9-36.
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    1. Tirole, Jean, 1999. "Corporate Governance," CEPR Discussion Papers 2086, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1996. "A Survey of Corporate Governance," NBER Working Papers 5554, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Pitelis, Christos & Teece, David, 2009. "The (new) nature and essence of the firm," MPRA Paper 24317, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Peter Wirtz, 2006. "Compétences, conflits et création de valeur:vers une approche intégrée de la gouvernance," Post-Print halshs-00464649, HAL.
    5. Gérard Charreaux & Philippe Desbrières, 1997. "Gouvernance des entreprises:valeur partenariale contre valeur actionnariale," Working Papers CREGO 0970801, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
    6. Fama, Eugene F & Jensen, Michael C, 1983. "Separation of Ownership and Control," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(2), pages 301-25, June.
    7. Gérard Charreaux & Philippe Desbrières, 2001. "Corporate Governance: Stakeholder Value Versus Shareholder Value," Working Papers CREGO 1010301, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
    8. Batsch, Laurent, 2002. "Le capitalisme financier," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/1742, Paris Dauphine University.
    9. Gérard Charreaux, 2002. "Variation sur le thème:"À la recherche de nouvelles fondations pour la finance et la gouvernance d'entreprise"," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie, revues.org, vol. 5(3), pages 5-68, September.
    10. Gérard Charreaux, 1996. "Vers une théorie du gouvernement des entreprises," Working Papers CREGO 0960501, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
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