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Demanda laboral y reforma comercial en el sector manufacturero colombiano: 1977-1999

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  • Carlos A. Arango

    ()

  • Ángela Milena Rojas

    ()

Abstract

En este documento se estima un modelo dinámico de la demandalaboral industrial en Colombia, con base en datos depanel a nivel de establecimiento para el período 1977-1999.Los resultados muestran algunos cambios importantes en lafunción de demanda de trabajo industrial. Se encuentra quelas firmas han aumentado su velocidad de ajuste, y que elproceso de apertura económica de los años noventa aumentóla elasticidad de sustitución factorial. No obstante, las firmasmás jóvenes son menos elásticas al salario que las empresasmás antiguas, en tanto las últimas presentan una velocidad de ajuste menor que las primeras frente a los choques de largo plazo. Finalmente,hay evidencia significativa de un proceso técnico ahorrador de trabajoen la firma manufacturera, el cual empieza temprano en la década delos ochenta pero se profundiza durante la década de los noventa.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos A. Arango & Ángela Milena Rojas, 2003. "Demanda laboral y reforma comercial en el sector manufacturero colombiano: 1977-1999," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 21(44), pages 96-154, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:005300
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    1. repec:bdr:bdrcap:2012-12-289-330 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Medina-Durango, Carlos Alberto & Posso Suárez, Christian Manuel & Tamayo, Jorge A. & Monsalve, Emma, 2012. "Dinámica de la demanda laboral en la industria manufacturera colombiana 1993-2009 : una estimación panel VAR," Chapters,in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 7, pages 289-330 Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Demanda laboral; datos en panel; panel dinámico; apertura comercial.;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General

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