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Demanda Laboral Y Reforma Comercial En El Sector Manufacturero Colombiano: 1977 - 1999

  • CARLOS ARANGO

    ()

  • ANGELA MILENA ROJAS

    ()

En este documento se estima un modelo dinámico de la demanda laboral industrial en Colombia, con base en datos de panel a nivel de establecimiento para el período 1977-1999. Los resultados muestran algunos cambios importantes en la función de demanda de trabajo industrial. Se encuentra que las firmas han aumentado su velocidad de ajuste, y que el proceso de apertura económica de los años noventa aumentó la elasticidad de sustitución factorial. No obstante, las firmas más jóvenes son menos elásticas al salario que las empresas más antiguas, en tanto las últimas presentan una velocidad de ajuste menor que las primeras frente a los choques de largo plazo. Finalmente, hay evidencia significativa de un proceso técnico ahorrador de trabajo en la firma manufacturera, el cual empieza temprano en la década de los ochenta pero se profundiza durante la década de los noventa.

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Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

Volume (Year): (2003)
Issue (Month): (December)
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:002271
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