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Agglomerationsvorteile in der Wissensgesellschaft: Empirische Evidenz für deutsche Gemeinden

Author

Listed:
  • Oliver Falck
  • Stephan Heblich
  • Anne Otto

Abstract

Sind Ansammlungen von hochqualifizierten Arbeitskräften in einer Region ein Garant für Wachstum? Eine Politik zur Förderung regionaler Entwicklung unterstellt oftmals diesen Zusammenhang und fördert die Ansiedlung und Vernetzung wissensintensiver Branchen und Unternehmen. Die hier gezeigte empirische Evidenz legt allerdings nahe, dass solche Agglomerationsvorteile nicht überall wirken. Der Erfolg einer solchen Cluster- und Netzwerkpolitik hängt maßgeblich von der Wirkungskraft der regionalen Agglomerationskräfte ab und ist somit nicht garantiert.

Suggested Citation

  • Oliver Falck & Stephan Heblich & Anne Otto, 2013. "Agglomerationsvorteile in der Wissensgesellschaft: Empirische Evidenz für deutsche Gemeinden," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(03), pages 17-21, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:66:y:2013:i:03:p:17-21
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Falck, Oliver & Fritsch, Michael & Heblich, Stephan, 2011. "The phantom of the opera: Cultural amenities, human capital, and regional economic growth," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 755-766.
    2. Gilles Duranton, 2011. "California Dreamin': The Feeble Case for Cluster Policies," Review of Economic Analysis, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis, vol. 3(1), pages 3-45, July.
    3. Moretti, Enrico, 2004. "Estimating the social return to higher education: evidence from longitudinal and repeated cross-sectional data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 121(1-2), pages 175-212.
    4. Falck, Oliver & Heblich, Stephan & Kipar, Stefan, 2010. "Industrial innovation: Direct evidence from a cluster-oriented policy," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 574-582, November.
    5. Pierre-Philippe Combes & Gilles Duranton & Laurent Gobillon, 2011. "The identification of agglomeration economies," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(2), pages 253-266, March.
    6. Enrico Moretti, 2014. "Local Economic Development, Agglomeration Economies, and the Big Push: 100 Years of Evidence from the Tennessee Valley Authority," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 129(1), pages 275-331.
    7. Lissoni, Francesco, 2001. "Knowledge codification and the geography of innovation: the case of Brescia mechanical cluster," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(9), pages 1479-1500, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Oliver Falck & Robert Gold & Stephan Heblich, 2014. "E-lections: Voting Behavior and the Internet," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(7), pages 2238-2265, July.
    2. Christian Dippel & Robert Gold & Stephan Heblich & Rodrigo Pinto, 2017. "Instrumental Variables and Causal Mechanisms: Unpacking the Effect of Trade on Workers and Voters," CESifo Working Paper Series 6816, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Christian Dippel & Robert Gold & Stephan Heblich, 2015. "Globalization and Its (Dis-)Content: Trade Shocks and Voting Behavior," NBER Working Papers 21812, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Wissensgesellschaft; Hochqualifizierte Arbeitskräfte; Spillover-Effekt; Agglomerationseffekt; Regionales Cluster; Produktionsfaktor; Empirische Methode; Gemeinde; Regionalpolitik;

    JEL classification:

    • C01 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Econometrics
    • D00 - Microeconomics - - General - - - General
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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