Les clusters vitivinicoles français à AOC. Une analyse en termes de biens clubs
The aim of the text is to analyze some problems of the French quality wine industry in terms of the theories of club goods and of clusters. We show that the French wine regions are clusters and that their competitive advantages come from a combination of market forms of coordination (the competition) and of non market forms of coordination (the cooperation). The main consequence of the cooperation is a specific club good, the « Appellation d?Origine Contrôlée ». These structural features give rise to two problems: opportunist behaviors that lower the quality of the wine and a too complex supply. These problems weaken the French wine industry on the international market, facing the « New world » producers. Finally, we suggest some propositions to improve the competitiveness of the French wine clusters. JEL classification : L14- L16- L22- R11- R13- R5.
Volume (Year): octobre (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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References listed on IDEAS
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