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Les clusters vitivinicoles français à AOC. Une analyse en termes de biens clubs


  • Jacques Calvet


The aim of the text is to analyze some problems of the French quality wine industry in terms of the theories of club goods and of clusters. We show that the French wine regions are clusters and that their competitive advantages come from a combination of market forms of coordination (the competition) and of non market forms of coordination (the cooperation). The main consequence of the cooperation is a specific club good, the « Appellation d?Origine Contrôlée ». These structural features give rise to two problems: opportunist behaviors that lower the quality of the wine and a too complex supply. These problems weaken the French wine industry on the international market, facing the « New world » producers. Finally, we suggest some propositions to improve the competitiveness of the French wine clusters. JEL classification : L14- L16- L22- R11- R13- R5.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacques Calvet, 2005. "Les clusters vitivinicoles français à AOC. Une analyse en termes de biens clubs," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(4), pages 481-506.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_054_0481

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. André Torre, 2002. "Les AOC sont-elles des clubs ? Réflexions sur les conditions de l'action collective localisée, entre coopération et règles formelles," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 100(1), pages 39-62.
    2. Vincent Frigant, 2001. "Une lecture hirschmaninne de la coordination : le loyalisme dans les systèmes productifs territorialisés," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(5), pages 743-762.
    3. Ludovic Ragni, 1997. "Systèmes localisés de production : une analyse évolutionniste," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 81(1), pages 23-40.
    4. Pierre Perrin, 2001. "Un apport autrichien à la théorie du territoire," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(2), pages 229-248.
    5. Kym Anderson & David Norman & Glyn Wittwer, 2003. "Globalisation of the World's Wine Markets," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(5), pages 659-687, May.
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    More about this item


    Club good-cluster-congestion; effects-opportunist; behaviors-wine industry;

    JEL classification:

    • R5 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis


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