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Comment financer l'allocation universelle. La stratégie de Van Parijs (1995) en question

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  • Claude Gamel

Abstract

Dans l'ouvrage que Van Parijs a consacré en 1995 aux fondements philosophiques et économiques du projet d'allocation universelle, le chapitre IV est dédié au problème du financement « soutenable » d'une telle mesure. Les « rentes d'emploi » y sont présentées comme un troisième type de ressources susceptibles d'élargir l'assiette fiscale du financement, à côté des « ressources externes » et des « ressources internes » des individus. Les difficultés d'exploitation de telles rentes légitiment l'exploration d'une stratégie alternative de financement fondée sur la flexibilité « walrassienne » des salaires, laquelle permet de réduire une certaine contradiction entre l'acceptation par Van Parijs de rentes de situation liées à l'emploi et sa volonté ultérieure (chapitre VI) d'« optimiser » le capitalisme. Incidemment, la différence réelle entre allocation universelle et impôt négatif sur le revenu est aussi réexaminée.
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Suggested Citation

  • Claude Gamel, 2004. "Comment financer l'allocation universelle. La stratégie de Van Parijs (1995) en question," Recherches économiques de Louvain, De Boeck Université, vol. 70(3), pages 287-314.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reldbu:rel_703_0287
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lindbeck, Assar, 1988. "Individual freedom and welfare state policy," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(2-3), pages 295-318, March.
    2. Fehr, Ernst, 1990. "Cooperation, Harassment, and Involuntary Unemployment: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 624-630.
    3. Assar Lindbeck & Dennis J. Snower, 1989. "The Insider-Outsider Theory of Employment and Unemployment," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026262074x, January.
    4. Bénédicte Reynaud, 1993. "Les théories de l'équité, fondements d'une approche cognitive du salaire d'efficience," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 44(1), pages 5-22.
    5. Atkinson, A. B. & Stiglitz, J. E., 1976. "The design of tax structure: Direct versus indirect taxation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 55-75.
    6. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
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    Cited by:

    1. Claude Gamel, 2008. "Allocation universelle et transferts "ELIE" : De la divergence à la compatibilité ?," Working Papers halshs-00325693, HAL.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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