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Allocation universelle et transferts "ELIE" : De la divergence à la compatibilité ?

  • Claude Gamel


    (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - Université Paul Cézanne - Aix-Marseille 3 - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille 2 - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - CNRS - AMU - Aix-Marseille Université)

Van Parijs (1995) and Kolm (2005) étudient les fondements éthico-philosophiques de la fiscalité et de la redistribution des revenus à travers les projets apparemment proches d'allocation universelle et de transferts ELIE (1). En fait, les deux propositions divergent en raison de modalités plus ou moins crédibles de financement et du traitement très dissemblable des « excentriques productifs » qui choisissent de ne pas travailler (2). Les deux projets restent néanmoins compatibles : du point de vue philosophique, Van Parijs essaie d'égaliser les « dotations externes » des individus, alors que Kolm n'exploite que leurs « dotations internes » ; du point de vue économique, des transferts TECIE fondés sur les « dotations externes » pourraient ainsi venir compléter les transferts ELIE issus des « dotations internes » (3). Un premier examen de cette « hybridation » est l'objet de notre conclusion (4).

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00325693.

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Date of creation: 30 Sep 2008
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00325693
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  1. Claude GAMEL, 2004. "Comment financer l’allocation universelle? La stratégie de Van Parijs (1995) en question," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2004032, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  2. Gamel, Claude & Balsan, Didier & Vero, Josiane, 2006. "The impact of basic income on the propensity to work: Theoretical issues and micro-econometric results," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 476-497, June.
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