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Allocation universelle et transferts "ELIE" : De la divergence à la compatibilité ?

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  • Claude Gamel

    () (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - ECM - Ecole Centrale de Marseille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales)

Abstract

Van Parijs (1995) and Kolm (2005) étudient les fondements éthico-philosophiques de la fiscalité et de la redistribution des revenus à travers les projets apparemment proches d'allocation universelle et de transferts ELIE (1). En fait, les deux propositions divergent en raison de modalités plus ou moins crédibles de financement et du traitement très dissemblable des « excentriques productifs » qui choisissent de ne pas travailler (2). Les deux projets restent néanmoins compatibles : du point de vue philosophique, Van Parijs essaie d'égaliser les « dotations externes » des individus, alors que Kolm n'exploite que leurs « dotations internes » ; du point de vue économique, des transferts TECIE fondés sur les « dotations externes » pourraient ainsi venir compléter les transferts ELIE issus des « dotations internes » (3). Un premier examen de cette « hybridation » est l'objet de notre conclusion (4).

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  • Claude Gamel, 2008. "Allocation universelle et transferts "ELIE" : De la divergence à la compatibilité ?," Working Papers halshs-00325693, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00325693
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00325693
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    1. Gamel, Claude & Balsan, Didier & Vero, Josiane, 2006. "The impact of basic income on the propensity to work: Theoretical issues and micro-econometric results," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 476-497, June.
    2. Claude Gamel, 2004. "Comment financer l'allocation universelle. La stratégie de Van Parijs (1995) en question," Recherches économiques de Louvain, De Boeck Université, vol. 70(3), pages 287-314.
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    Keywords

    Liberté; redistribution; fiscalité; financement; intégration sociale par le travail;

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