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Psychologie des entrepreneurs, localisation des activités innovantes et pertes à l'échange international

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  • Michel Blanchard
  • Frédéric Peltrault

Abstract

Following the Green Paper dealing with the entrepreneurship in Europe, the European Commission put forward the thesis that Europe suffers from an “entrepreneurship deficit” in comparison to the us. This paper presents a model dealing with the consequences of managers’ optimism and pessimism behaviour on the localisation of innovative activities and welfare. If at least one country is better off under free trade, numerical simulations show that the other country and the world as a whole can be worse off. Trade liberalization can make worse the under-production or the over-production of the risky good and then increases the distortions that already hold in autarky.

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Blanchard & Frédéric Peltrault, 2005. "Psychologie des entrepreneurs, localisation des activités innovantes et pertes à l'échange international," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 56(1), pages 127-145.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_561_0127
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    5. Cooper, Arnold C. & Woo, Carolyn Y. & Dunkelberg, William C., 1988. "Entrepreneurs' perceived chances for success," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 97-108.
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    7. Shy, Oz, 1988. "A general equilibrium model of pareto inferior trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1-2), pages 143-154, August.
    8. Thakor, Anjan V., 1996. "The design of financial systems: An overview," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 917-948, June.
    9. David M. G. Newbery & Joseph E. Stiglitz, 1984. "Pareto Inferior Trade," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(1), pages 1-12.
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