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The Impact of Alternative Public Policies on the Deployment of New Communications Infrastructure – A Survey

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  • Briglauer Wolfgang
  • Frübing Stefan

    (Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW Mannheim), Mannheim, Germany)

  • Vogelsang Ingo

    (Boston University, Department of Economics, Boston, MA, USA)

Abstract

This survey of the theoretical and empirical literature on alternative policies to promote new fiber-based communications infrastructures addresses (i) various kinds of ex ante sector-specific regulations, (ii) deregulatory approaches based on effective competition law implementation and competitive market structures including co-investment models, and (iii) public subsidies to cover non-profitable (white) areas. The authors identify significant research gaps and present a generic framework for policy recommendations. Public subsidies emerge as the dominant policy alternative in white areas, whereas access regulations can be the preferred policy in white or gray areas, where only monopoly structure or co-investment models lead to private investment. Deregulatory policies might be preferable in gray areas, provided there is sufficient pressure from competitive outside options and if competition law is strong. Finally, deregulatory policies including soft regulation are the dominant policy in black areas, where several independent infrastructure operators exist.

Suggested Citation

  • Briglauer Wolfgang & Frübing Stefan & Vogelsang Ingo, 2014. "The Impact of Alternative Public Policies on the Deployment of New Communications Infrastructure – A Survey," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 13(3), pages 227-270, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:rneart:v:13:y:2014:i:3:p:227-270:n:3
    DOI: 10.1515/rne-2015-0004
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    Cited by:

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    6. Briglauer, Wolfgang & Holzleitner, Christian & Vogelsang, Ingo, 2016. "The need for more efficient public funding of new communications infrastructure in EU member states," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 26-35.
    7. Joan Calzada & Begoña García-Mariñoso & Jordi Ribé & Rafael Rubio & David Suárez, 2018. "Fiber deployment in Spain," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 53(3), pages 256-274, June.
    8. Marc Bourreau & Carlo Cambini & Steffen Hoernig & Ingo Vogelsang, 2020. "Co-Investment, Uncertainty, and Opportunism: Ex-Ante and Ex-Post Remedies," CESifo Working Paper Series 8078, CESifo.
    9. Briglauer, Wolfgang & Cambini, Carlo & Fetzer, Thomas & Hüschelrath, Kai, 2017. "The European Electronic Communications Code: A critical appraisal with a focus on incentivizing investment in next generation broadband networks," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(10), pages 948-961.
    10. Marc Bourreau & Carlo Cambini & Steffen Hoernig & Ingo Vogelsang, 2020. "Fiber investment and access under uncertainty: long-term contracts, risk premia, and access options," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 57(2), pages 105-117, April.
    11. Matteucci, Nicola, 2021. "Procuring NGA infrastructure: The performance of EMAT auctions in Italy," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(1).
    12. Vitor Miguel Ribeiro, 2018. "Dark fiber price regulation in the absence of facilities-based competition," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 45(2), pages 243-278, June.
    13. Klaus S. Friesenbichler, 2021. "What Explains Aggregate Telecom Investments? Evidence From an EU-OECD Panel," WIFO Working Papers 583, WIFO.
    14. Krämer, Jan & Schnurr, Daniel, 2018. "Margin squeeze regulation and infrastructure competition," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 30-46.
    15. Bertschek, Irene & Briglauer, Wolfgang & Hüschelrath, Kai & Krämer, Jan & Frübing, Stefan & Kesler, Reinhold & Saam, Marianne, 2016. "Metastudie zum Fachdialog Ordnungsrahmen für die Digitale Wirtschaft: Im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)," ZEW Expertises, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research, number 147040.
    16. Krämer Jan & Vogelsang Ingo, 2016. "Co-Investments and Tacit Collusion in Regulated Network Industries: Experimental Evidence," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 15(1), pages 35-61, March.
    17. Briglauer, Wolfgang & Camarda, Enrico Maria & Vogelsang, Ingo, 2019. "Path dependencies versus efficiencies in regulation: Evidence from “old” and “new” broadband markets in the EU," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(8), pages 1-1.
    18. Vogelsang, Ingo, 2019. "Has Europe missed the endgame of telecommunications policy?," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 1-10.
    19. Gerli, Paolo & Van der Wee, Marlies & Verbrugge, Sofie & Whalley, Jason, 2018. "The involvement of utilities in the development of broadband infrastructure: A comparison of EU case studies," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(9), pages 726-743.
    20. Sahebali, M.W.W. & Sadowski, Bert M. & Nomaler, O. & Brennenraedts, R., 2021. "Rolling out of fibre optic networks in intermediate versus urban areas: An exploratory spatial analysis in the Netherlands," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(5).
    21. Brito, Duarte & Tselekounis, Markos, 2016. "Access regulation and the entrant's mode of entry under multi-product competition in telecoms," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 20-33.
    22. Abrardi, Laura & Cambini, Carlo, 2019. "Ultra-fast broadband investment and adoption: A survey," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 183-198.
    23. Matteucci, Nicola, 2019. "The EU State aid policy for broadband: An evaluation of the Italian experience with first generation networks," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(9).

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    JEL classification:

    • L43 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - Legal Monopolies and Regulation or Deregulation
    • L44 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - Antitrust Policy and Public Enterprise, Nonprofit Institutions, and Professional Organizations
    • L96 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Telecommunications

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