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Pitfalls in Private and Social Incentives of Vertical Cross‐border Integration and Disintegration

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  • Gianpaolo Rossini

Abstract

Production increasingly takes place on a cross‐border basis along two patterns. Either a vertically integrated (VI) multinational firm (MNF) spreads the production sequence over many countries or vertically disintegrated (VD) firms operate independently in distinct stages and countries. On the private side, the decrease of transport costs expands VD, due to incentives alternatively in the upstream (U) and the downstream (D) sections of production. With VD the benefits are disseminated over many countries. With VI they are skewed towards a single area. Then, some countries prefer cross‐border VD. In an international duopoly setting, with vertical restraints due to competition or trade policies, VD becomes the privately preferred mode and provides further ground for the wave of international fragmentation.

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  • Gianpaolo Rossini, 2007. "Pitfalls in Private and Social Incentives of Vertical Cross‐border Integration and Disintegration," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(5), pages 932-947, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:15:y:2007:i:5:p:932-947
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9396.2007.00680.x
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 2001. "The Six Major Puzzles in International Macroeconomics: Is There a Common Cause?," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2000, Volume 15, pages 339-412 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Daron Acemoglu & Philippe Aghion & Rachel Griffith & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2010. "Vertical Integration and Technology: Theory and Evidence," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 8(5), pages 989-1033, September.
    3. G. Rossini & L. Lambertini, 2003. "Endogeneous outsourcing and vertical integration with process R&D," Working Papers 487, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    4. Lorentowicz, Andzelika & Marin, Dalia & Raubold, Alexander, 2005. "Is Human Capital Losing from Outsourcing? Evidence for Austria and Poland," CEPR Discussion Papers 5344, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. James R. Markusen, 2004. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078, March.
    6. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & Todd Mitton, 2005. "Determinants of Vertical Integration: Finance, Contracts, and Regulation," NBER Working Papers 11424, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. G. Rossini, 2005. "Pitfalls in private and social incentives of vertical crossborder outsourcing," Working Papers 536, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    8. Andreas Stephan & Zhentang Zhang, 2004. "Cost Structure, Market Structure And Outsourcing," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2004 11, Royal Economic Society.
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    Cited by:

    1. G. Rossini, 2017. "Hidden and non measurable trade policies: the case of state controlled firms," Working Papers wp1093, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    2. Wang, Leonard F.S. & Lee, Jen-yao, 2014. "Ranking the optimum tariff and the maximum revenue tariff in vertically related markets," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 222-229.

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