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Trade Liberalization and the Profitability of Domestic Mergers

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  • Gérard Gaudet
  • Rams Kanouni

Abstract

It is often thought that a tariff reduction, by opening‐up the domestic market to foreign firms, should lessen the need for a policy aimed at discouraging domestic mergers. This implicitly assumes that the tariff in question is sufficiently high to prevent foreign firms from selling in the domestic market. However, not all tariffs are prohibitive, so that foreign firms may be present in the domestic market before it is abolished. Furthermore, even if the tariff is prohibitive, a merger of domestic firms may render it nonprohibitive, thus inviting foreign firms to penetrate the domestic market. Using a simple example, the authors show that, in the latter two cases, abolishing the tariff may in fact make the domestic merger more profitable. Hence trade liberalization will not necessarily reduce the profitability of domestic mergers.

Suggested Citation

  • Gérard Gaudet & Rams Kanouni, 2004. "Trade Liberalization and the Profitability of Domestic Mergers," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(3), pages 353-358, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:12:y:2004:i:3:p:353-358
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9396.2004.00454.x
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9396.2004.00454.x
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Long, Ngo Van & Vousden, Neil, 1995. "The Effects of Trade Liberalization on Cost-Reducing Horizontal Mergers," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 3(2), pages 141-155, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Martin Chalkley & Geoff Stewart, 2011. "Trade Liberalisation, Market Structure and the Incentive to Merge," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(8), pages 1327-1347, August.
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    3. Martin Chalkley & Geoff Stewart, 2011. "International trade and the incentive for merger," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(13), pages 1673-1677.
    4. Fikru, Mahelet G. & Gautier, Luis, 2020. "Are big mergers welfare enhancing when there is environmental externality?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(C).

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • K23 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Regulated Industries and Administrative Law
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation

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