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Does Education Reduce Income Inequality? A Meta-Regression Analysis

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  • Abdul Abdullah
  • Hristos Doucouliagos
  • Elizabeth Manning

Abstract

This paper reexamines the effects of education on inequality through a comprehensive meta-regression analysis of the extant empirical literature. We find that education affects the two tails of the distribution of income: Education reduces the income share of top earners and increases the share of the bottom earners. Education has been particularly effective in reducing inequality in Africa. Some of the results suggest that secondary schooling appears to have a stronger effect than primary schooling, though this finding is not always robust. The heterogeneity in reported estimates can be largely explained by differences in the specification of the econometric model and measure of inequality and education.

Suggested Citation

  • Abdul Abdullah & Hristos Doucouliagos & Elizabeth Manning, 2015. "Does Education Reduce Income Inequality? A Meta-Regression Analysis," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(2), pages 301-316, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jecsur:v:29:y:2015:i:2:p:301-316
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/joes.12056
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Markus Hang & Jerome Geyer‐Klingeberg & Andreas Rathgeber & Stefan Stöckl, 2018. "Economic Development Matters: A Meta‐Regression Analysis on the Relation between Environmental Management and Financial Performance," Journal of Industrial Ecology, Yale University, vol. 22(4), pages 720-744, August.
    4. Kaisa Alavuotunki & Mika Haapanen & Jukka Pirttilä, 2017. "The Consequences of the Value-Added Tax on Inequality," CESifo Working Paper Series 6318, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Bergh, Andreas, 2016. "The Future of Welfare Services: How Worried Should We Be about Wagner, Baumol and Ageing?," Working Paper Series 1109, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    6. Oliver Denk & Boris Cournède, 2015. "Finance and income inequality in OECD countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1224, OECD Publishing.
    7. Marco Cellini, 2015. "(English) Democracy and income inequality: an empirical analysis (Italiano) Democrazia e diseguaglianza, un’analisi empirica," IRPPS Working Papers 72:2015, National Research Council, Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies.
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    19. Lee, Kangkook & Vu, Trung, 2019. "Economic Complexity, Human Capital and Income Inequality: A Cross-Country Analysis," MPRA Paper 94737, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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