Explaining Income Inequalities in Developing Countries:the Role of Human Capital
This paper investigates the relationship between human capital and economic inequality in the developing countries. The paper analyses an unbalanced panel of 64 countries for the period 1970-2005. The results show that primary, secondary and tertiary level education is negatively associated with inequality (primary being the strongest). Besides, average years of education and government expenditure on education are also found to be inequality reducing, both in the immediate and the medium run. Thus, to give citizens better and more equal opportunities, policy-makers in the developing countries and the development agencies need to give higher importance to primary education. Prenant en considÃ©ration le manque de consensus dans la littÃ©rature sur le sujet, notre article Ã©tudie la relation entre le capital humain et les inÃ©galitÃ©s Ã©conomiques, en abordant le cas particulier des pays en dÃ©veloppement ou les inÃ©galitÃ©s sont flagrantes. Nous analysons un panel non-Ã©quilibrÃ© constituÃ© de 64 pays pour la pÃ©riode 1970 Ã 2005. Les rÃ©sultats montrent une liaison nÃ©gative entre lâ€™Ã©ducation primaire, ainsi que secondaire et tertiaire, et les inÃ©galitÃ©s Ã©conomiques. Les autres indicateurs du capital humain contribuent Ã©galement Ã la rÃ©duction des inÃ©galitÃ©s. Donc, afin de rÃ©duire les inÃ©galitÃ©s Ã©conomiques effectivement pour fournir aux citoyens des opportunitÃ©s Ã©gales, les gouvernements des pays en dÃ©veloppement et la communautÃ© internationale devraient se concentrer sur lâ€™Ã©ducation primaire et supÃ©rieur.
|Date of creation:||Dec 2011|
|Date of revision:||Dec 2011|
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