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Why Have Maori Relative Income Levels Deteriorated Over Time?


  • Sholeh A. Maani


In 1986 two thirds of the Maori population had left secondary school by age 16 without school qualifications. A decade later, while educational attainment of the New Zealand population had increased significantly, over 60 per cent of the Maori population remained without qualifications. This paper provides comprehensive evidence on how income returns to postcompulsory and higher education have contributed to a widened income gap over the decade following the economic reforms. Utilising individual-level Census data for 1986 and 1996, stability tests and decompositions, it establishes the significance of educational attainment as a strategy for reducing disparity. An important feature of the study is the distinction between full and part-Maori. Copyright © 2004 Economic Society of Australia..

Suggested Citation

  • Sholeh A. Maani, 2004. "Why Have Maori Relative Income Levels Deteriorated Over Time?," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 80(248), pages 101-124, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ecorec:v:80:y:2004:i:248:p:101-124

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    Cited by:

    1. Matthew Manning & Christopher L. Ambrey & Christopher M. Fleming, 2016. "A Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Wellbeing in Australia," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 17(6), pages 2503-2525, December.
    2. Maani, Sholeh A. & Wang, Xingang & Rogers, Alan, 2015. "Network Effects, Ethnic Capital and Immigrants' Earnings Assimilation: Evidence from a Spatial, Hausman-Taylor Estimation," IZA Discussion Papers 9308, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Maani, Sholeh A. & Kalb, Guyonne, 2007. "Academic performance, childhood economic resources, and the choice to leave school at age 16," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 361-374, June.
    4. Dean Hyslop & Dave Maré, 2009. "Skill Upgrading in New Zealand, 1986-2001," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 42(4), pages 422-434.

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