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Technical Efficiency And Productivity Potential Of Cocoa Farmers In West African Countries

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  • Joachim Nyemeck BINAM
  • Jim GOCKOWSKI
  • Guy Blaise NKAMLEU

Abstract

This paper uses survey data to examine the technical efficiency and productivity potential of cocoa farmers in West and Central Africa. Separate stochastic frontier models are estimated for farmers in Cameroon, Ghana, Nigeria, and Côte d’Ivoire, along with a stochastic metaproduction frontier to obtain alternative estimates for the technical efficiencies of farmers in the different countries. The mean productivity potential of cocoa farmers is also estimated, by using a decomposition result applied to both the national and the metaproduction frontiers. The determinants of technical efficiency are assessed to identify the reasons for differences across countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Joachim Nyemeck BINAM & Jim GOCKOWSKI & Guy Blaise NKAMLEU, 2008. "Technical Efficiency And Productivity Potential Of Cocoa Farmers In West African Countries," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 46(3), pages 242-263, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:deveco:v:46:y:2008:i:3:p:242-263
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1746-1049.2008.00065.x
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    2. T. O Ojo & L.J. S Baiyegunhi & A. O Salami, 2019. "Impact of Credit Demand on the Productivity of Rice Farmers in South West Nigeria," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 11(1), pages 166-180.
    3. Carlos Barros & Guglielmo Caporale, 2012. "Banking Consolidation in Nigeria," CEsA Working Papers 99, CEsA - Centre for African and Development Studies.
    4. Asante, Bright O. & Temoso, Omphile & Addai, Kwabena N. & Villano, Renato A., 2019. "Evaluating productivity gaps in maize production across different agroecological zones in Ghana," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 176(C).
    5. Besseah, Felix A. & Kim, Sangho, 2014. "Technical Efficiency of Cocoa Farmers in Ghana," Journal of Rural Development/Nongchon-Gyeongje, Korea Rural Economic Institute, vol. 37(2), pages 1-24.
    6. Obeng, Isaac Antwarko & Adu, Kofi Osei, 2014. "Cost efficiency of cocoa farmers in Twifo Hemang Lower Denkyira Area in Central Region of Ghana," MPRA Paper 59925, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Bisseleua, D.H.B. & Idrissou, L. & Ogunniyi, A. & Atta-Krah, K., 2018. "Diversification and livelihood strategies in the cocoa belt of West Africa: The need for fundamental change," World Development Perspectives, Elsevier, vol. 10, pages 73-79.
    8. Gideon Danso-Abbeam & Edinam Dope Setsoafia & Isaac Gershon Kodwo Ansah, 2014. "Modelling Farmers Investment in Agrochemicals: The Experience of Smallholder Cocoa Farmers in Ghana," Research in Applied Economics, Macrothink Institute, vol. 6(4), pages 1-16, December.
    9. Obeng, Isaac Antwarko & Adu, Kofi Osei, 2016. "Technical efficiency in Ghana's cocoa production: evidence from Twifo Hemang Lower Denkyira Area," MPRA Paper 69679, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Onumah, Justina A. & Williams, Portia Adade & Quaye, Wilhelmina & Akuffobea, Mavis & Onumah, Edward E., 2014. "Smallholder Cocoa Farmers Access to On/Off-Farm Support Services and its Contribution to Output in the Eastern Region of Ghana," Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, Asian Economic and Social Society (AESS), vol. 4(10), pages 1-12, October.
    11. Jacob Asravor & Alexander N. Wiredu & Khalid Siddig & Edward E. Onumah, 2019. "Evaluating the Environmental-Technology Gaps of Rice Farms in Distinct Agro-Ecological Zones of Ghana," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(7), pages 1-16, April.
    12. Asekenye, Cresenia & Bravo-Ureta, Boris E. & Deom, Mike & Kidula, Nelson & Okello, David Kalule & Okoko, Nasambu & Puppala, Naveen, 2016. "Productivity gaps among groundnut farmers in Kenya and Uganda: A stochastic production frontier analysis," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 11(2), pages 1-16.
    13. Martíneza, Jose María & Martínez Pachón,Eliana, 2021. "Multivariate analysis of the adoption of cacao productive technologies: Evidence from a case study in Colombia," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 21(01), June.
    14. Ofori-Bah, Adeline & Asafu-Adjaye, John, 2011. "Scope economies and technical efficiency of cocoa agroforesty systems in Ghana," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(8), pages 1508-1518, June.
    15. Bachewe, Fantu Nisrane & Koru, Bethlehem & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum, 2015. "Productivity and efficiency of smallholder teff farmers in Ethiopia:," ESSP working papers 79, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    16. Aminu, F.O. & Ayinde, I.A., 2021. "Technical Efficiency and Technology Gap Ratio in Cocoa Production in Nigeria: A Stochastic Metafrontier-Tobit (Sm-Tobit) Approach," Research on World Agricultural Economy, Nan Yang Academy of Sciences Pte Ltd (NASS), vol. 2(3), July.
    17. Bachewe, Fantu Nisrane & Koru, Bethlehem & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum, 2018. "Productivity and efficiency in high-potential areas," IFPRI book chapters, in: The economics of teff: Exploring Ethiopia’s biggest cash crop, chapter 7, pages 149-180, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    18. Villano, Renato & Asante, Bright Owusu & Bravo-Ureta, Boris, 2019. "Farming systems and productivity gaps: Opportunities for improving smallholder performance in the Forest-Savannah transition zone of Ghana," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 220-227.
    19. Oppong, B. A. & Onumah, E. E. & Asuming-Brempong, Samuel, 2014. "Stochastic Frontier Modeling of Maize Production in Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana," AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, vol. 6(2), pages 1-9, June.
    20. Abdulai, Issaka & Hoffmann, Munir P. & Jassogne, Laurence & Asare, Richard & Graefe, Sophie & Tao, Hsiao-Hang & Muilerman, Sander & Vaast, Philippe & Van Asten, Piet & Läderach, Peter & Rötter, Reimun, 2020. "Variations in yield gaps of smallholder cocoa systems and the main determining factors along a climate gradient in Ghana," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 181(C).
    21. Wen-Jhan Jane & Wei-Hsin Kong & Yi-Hsiue Wang, 2010. "Individual efficiency and club performance: a panel analysis of professional baseball," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 31(5), pages 363-372.
    22. Heidenreich, Anja & Grovermann, Christian & Kadzere, Irene & Egyir, Irene S. & Muriuki, Anne & Bandanaa, Joseph & Clottey, Joseph & Ndungu, John & Blockeel, Johan & Muller, Adrian & Stolze, Matthias &, 2022. "Sustainable intensification pathways in Sub-Saharan Africa: Assessing eco-efficiency of smallholder perennial cash crop production," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 195(C).
    23. Gideon Danso-Abbeam & Lloyd J. S. Baiyegunhi, 2020. "Do farm-level technical efficiency and welfare complement each other? Insight from Ghana’s cocoa industry," Journal of Economic Structures, Springer;Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS), vol. 9(1), pages 1-15, December.

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