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Is The Market Failing Agricultural Producers Who Wish To Manage Risks?




The variability of producers ‘net income levels is largely a function of variability in output price, yield, and input prices. Yet, the tools available to manage price risk and yield risk are not widely used by producers. Is the market failing to provide agricultural producers with effective risk management tools? To identify producers’ needs, the paper establishes the relative importance of price and yield risk by decomposing the variability of revenues from a sample of crops in California agriculture. The risk tools available to producers of those commodities are compared to producers needs for tools. Results indicate that “market failure” is readily apparent in markets for tools to manage risks. However, the nature of these missing or incomplete markets does not necessarily imply inefficiencies that would justify government intervention.

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  • STEVEN C. BLANK & COLIN A. CARTER & JEFFREY McDONALD, 1997. "Is The Market Failing Agricultural Producers Who Wish To Manage Risks?," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 15(3), pages 103-112, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:coecpo:v:15:y:1997:i:3:p:103-112
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1465-7287.1997.tb00482.x

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Radner, Roy, 1970. "Problems in the Theory of Markets under Uncertainty," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(2), pages 454-460, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Chambers, Robert G., 2006. "Some Empirical Implications of State-Contingent Production Models," 2006 Conference (50th), February 8-10, 2006, Sydney, Australia 137789, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    2. Heidelbach, Olaf, 2007. "Efficiency of selected risk management instruments: An empirical analysis of risk reduction in Kazakhstani crop production," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Transition Economies, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO), volume 40, number 92323.
    3. Revoredo-Giha, Cesar & Zuppiroli, Marco, 2014. "Hedging effectiveness of European wheat futures markets," 2014 International Congress, August 26-29, 2014, Ljubljana, Slovenia 182948, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Revoredo-Giha, Cesar & Leat, Philip M.K., 2008. "Collaborative supply chain initiatives as devices to cope with income variability in the Scottish red meat sector," Working Papers 61105, Scotland's Rural College (formerly Scottish Agricultural College), Land Economy & Environment Research Group.
    5. Revoredo-Giha, Cesar & Zuppiroli, Marco, 2013. "Commodity futures markets: are they an effective price risk management tool for the European wheat supply chain?," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), vol. 2(3), pages 1-19, December.
    6. Tadesse, Dawit & Blank, Steven C., 2003. "Cultivar Diversity: A Neglected Risk Management Strategy," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 28(2), pages 1-16, August.
    7. Marius Rădulescu & Constanta Rădulescu & Gheorghiţă Zbăganu, 2014. "A portfolio theory approach to crop planning under environmental constraints," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 219(1), pages 243-264, August.
    8. Carter, Colin A., 1999. "Commodity futures markets: a survey," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 43(2), pages 1-39, June.
    9. C. W. Morgan & A. J. Rayner & C. Vaillant, 1999. "Agricultural futures markets in LDCs: a policy response to price volatility?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(6), pages 893-910.
    10. Komarek, Adam M. & De Pinto, Alessandro & Smith, Vincent H., 2020. "A review of types of risks in agriculture: What we know and what we need to know," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 178(C).
    11. Marco Zuppiroli & Cesar Revoredo-Giha, 2016. "Hedging effectiveness of European wheat futures markets: an application of multivariate GARCH models," International Journal of Applied Management Science, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 8(2), pages 132-148.
    12. Jennifer Ifft, 2009. "Government vs Weather The True Story of Crop Insurance in India," Working Papers id:2268, eSocialSciences.

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