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Effects of direct payments on rice income variability in Japan

Author

Listed:
  • Atomu Nitta
  • Yasutaka Yamamoto
  • Simone Severini
  • Katsunobu Kondo
  • Daisuke Sawauchi

Abstract

The effects of direct payments on rice income variability in Japan are analysed based on a balanced panel dataset of Japanese rice farms for 2012–2016. Firstly, the contribution of income components to rice income variability and the effects of a direct payment reduction are discussed by applying variance decomposition. Secondly, robust regression techniques are used to measure the correlation between direct payments and rice income variability. The originality of this paper is that it disaggregates the effects of payments using a regression analysis of the effects of direct payments on income variability for Japan. This contrasts with the existing literature on this topic, which has largely focused on European Union countries. This paper discusses to what degree the reduction in direct payments increases income variability. The results reveal that direct payments decrease Japanese rice income variability. Indeed, after controlling for various farm characteristics, we find a negative relationship between the amount of direct payments linked to rice production and rice income variability. Finally, the results suggest that reducing direct payments when the rice price is falling would increase rice income variability.

Suggested Citation

  • Atomu Nitta & Yasutaka Yamamoto & Simone Severini & Katsunobu Kondo & Daisuke Sawauchi, 2022. "Effects of direct payments on rice income variability in Japan," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 66(1), pages 118-135, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ajarec:v:66:y:2022:i:1:p:118-135
    DOI: 10.1111/1467-8489.12445
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nitta, Atomu & Yamamoto, Yasutaka & Kondo, Katsunobu & Sawauchi, Daisuke, 2020. "Direct payments to Japanese farmers: Do they reduce rice income inequality? Lessons for other Asian countries," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 42(5), pages 968-981.
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