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The System of the Geographical Indication – Important Component of the Politics of the Consumers` Protection in European Union

Author

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  • Šárka Velcovská

    () (Universitatea Tehnica din Ostrava)

  • Tomáš Sadílek

    (Universitatea Tehnica din Ostrava)

Abstract

The paper deals with the use and diffusion of the geographical indication in the European Union countries, having as objective the protection of the products’ names, which are registered as Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) and Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) labels. The reason for treating this theme started from the fact that the level of knowledge of the system and its symbols by the consumers is very low. In the introductory part, specification of surveyed topic is given and importance of consumer education and information is highlighted. Empirical research is based on two approaches. First, 1114 product names from DOOR database (Database for agricultural products and foodstuffs in EU countries) were analysed in order to investigate the frequency of labels utilization by country and product classes, cluster analysis was applied to show the labels distribution by countries. Dominant countries in number of labels are Italy, France and Spain having registered over 50 % of all products. The most frequent product class is Fruits, vegetables and cereals for PGI and Cheeses for PDO. The second approach reflects consumer view on the issue; survey of 250 consumers in the Czech Republic was carried out with the purpose to identify awareness and perceived credibility of labels. Findings reveal a low awareness of labels, credibility of labels is influenced by their low familiarity. The main problem is lack of information. Respondents show interest in getting information regarding this topic. Quality labels have potential to communicate with consumers and facilitate their food purchases, but it is necessary to improve their promotion.

Suggested Citation

  • Šárka Velcovská & Tomáš Sadílek, 2014. "The System of the Geographical Indication – Important Component of the Politics of the Consumers` Protection in European Union," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 16(35), pages 228-228, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:aes:amfeco:v:1:y:2014:i:35:p:228
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    File URL: http://www.amfiteatrueconomic.ro/temp/Article_1262.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Verbeke, Wim & Pieniak, Zuzanna & Guerrero, Luis & Hersleth, Margrethe, 2012. "Consumers’ Awareness and Attitudinal Determinants of European Union Quality Label Use on Traditional Foods," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), issue 2, August.
    2. Vasile Dinu & Ivan Marchevski & Eugen Dobrescu & Raluca Mariana Petrescu, 2010. "Education and Training Needs in the Field of Consumer Protection in the Lower Danube Region," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 12(Special N), pages 709-734, November.
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    4. Klaus G. Grunert, 2005. "Food quality and safety: consumer perception and demand," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 32(3), pages 369-391, September.
    5. Cătălina Soriana Sitnikov & Claudiu George Bocean, 2010. "New Approaches of Consumers’ Protection in Terms of Management Systems’ International Standards Evolution," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 12(28), pages 360-372, June.
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    European Union quality scheme; Protected Geographical Indication; Protected Designation of Origin; quality labels; food products; agricultural products; consumer education; consumer information; Czech Republic.;

    JEL classification:

    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
    • D18 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Protection
    • L15 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Information and Product Quality
    • M31 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Marketing and Advertising - - - Marketing
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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