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Competition in Electricity Markets with Renewable Energy Sources

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  • Daron Acemoglu, Ali Kakhbod, and Asuman Ozdaglar

Abstract

Despite increasing calls for reform many countries continue to provide subsidies for gasoline and diesel. This paper quantifies the external costs from global fuel subsidies using the latest available data and estimates from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. Under preferred assumptions about supply and demand elasticities, current subsidies cause $44 billion in external costs annually. This includes $8 billion from carbon dioxide emissions, $7 billion from local pollutants, $12 billion from traffic congestion, and $17 billion from accidents. These external costs are in addition to conventional deadweight loss, estimated to be $26 billion annually. Government incentives for alternative fuel vehicles are unlikely to cost-effectively reduce these externalities as they do little to address traffic congestion or accidents and only indirectly address carbon dioxide and local pollutants.

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  • Daron Acemoglu, Ali Kakhbod, and Asuman Ozdaglar, 2017. "Competition in Electricity Markets with Renewable Energy Sources," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(KAPSARC S).
  • Handle: RePEc:aen:journl:ej38-si1-acemoglu
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    2. Genc, Talat S. & Reynolds, Stanley S., 2019. "Who should own a renewable technology? Ownership theory and an application," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 213-238.
    3. Simshauser, Paul, 2018. "On intermittent renewable generation & the stability of Australia's National Electricity Market," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 1-19.
    4. Shehab Al-Sakkaf & Mahmoud Kassas & Muhammad Khalid & Mohammad A. Abido, 2019. "An Energy Management System for Residential Autonomous DC Microgrid Using Optimized Fuzzy Logic Controller Considering Economic Dispatch," Energies, MDPI, vol. 12(8), pages 1-25, April.
    5. Van Moer, Geert, 2019. "Electricity market competition when forward contracts are pairwise efficient," MPRA Paper 96660, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Darudi, Ali & Weigt, Hannes, 2019. "Renewable Support, Intermittency and Market Power: An Equilibrium Investment Approach," Working papers 2019/06, Faculty of Business and Economics - University of Basel.
    7. John J. García Rendón & Alex F. Pérez-Libreros, 2019. "El precio spot de la electricidad y la inclusión de energía renovable no convencional: evidencia para Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 017393, Universidad EAFIT.
    8. Sapio, Alessandro, 2019. "Greener, more integrated, and less volatile? A quantile regression analysis of Italian wholesale electricity prices," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 126(C), pages 452-469.
    9. Paolo Falbo & Cristian Pelizzari & Luca Taschini, 2016. "Renewables, allowances markets, and capacity expansion in energy-only markets," GRI Working Papers 246, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
    10. Bigerna, Simona & Wen, Xingang & Hagspiel, Verena & Kort, Peter M., 2019. "Green electricity investments: Environmental target and the optimal subsidy," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 279(2), pages 635-644.
    11. Alex Pérez & Jaime Carabalí, 2021. "Un modelo sobre competencia en mercados de electricidad: contratos bilaterales en Colombia," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, vol. 87(5), March.
    12. Canan Karatekin & Hakan Çelik, 2020. "The Effects of Renewable Energy Sources on the Structure of the Turkish Electricity Market," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(2), pages 64-70.
    13. Guo, Qiaozhen & He, Qiao-Chu & Chen, Ying-Ju & Huang, Wei, 2021. "Poverty mitigation via solar panel adoption: Smart contracts and targeted subsidy design," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 102(C).
    14. Perez, Alex & Garcia-Rendon, John J., 2021. "Integration of non-conventional renewable energy and spot price of electricity: A counterfactual analysis for Colombia," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 146-161.

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