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Oil Price Shocks and the U.S. Stock Market: Do Sign and Size Matter?

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  • Zeina Alsalman Ana María Herrera

Abstract

We investigate the effect of oil price innovations on the U.S. stock market using a model that nests symmetric and asymmetric responses to positive and negative oil price innovations. We find no evidence of asymmetry for aggregate stock returns, and only very limited evidence for 49 industry-level portfolios. Moreover, these asymmetries do not match up well with conventional views regarding en-ergy-dependent sectors of the economy. Instead, asymmetries are more likely driven by the effect of oil price innovations on expected and/or realized demand. We inquire whether the size of the shock matters in that doubling the size of the shock more (or less) than doubles the size of the response, finding that the effect of a 2.s.d innovation is just about double the magnitude of the impact of a 1.s.d innovation. Furthermore, we find no support for the conjecture that shocks that exceed a threshold have an asymmetric effect on stock returns.

Suggested Citation

  • Zeina Alsalman Ana María Herrera, 2015. "Oil Price Shocks and the U.S. Stock Market: Do Sign and Size Matter?," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 3).
  • Handle: RePEc:aen:journl:ej36-3-herrera
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    Cited by:

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    3. Demirer, Riza & Gupta, Rangan & Suleman, Tahir & Wohar, Mark E., 2018. "Time-varying rare disaster risks, oil returns and volatility," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 239-248.
    4. Konstantinos Gkillas & Rangan Gupta & Mark E. Wohar, 2018. "Oil Shocks and Volatility Jumps," Working Papers 201825, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    5. repec:eee:eneeco:v:72:y:2018:i:c:p:505-516 is not listed on IDEAS
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    7. Syed Abul Basher & Alfred Haug & Perry Sadorsky, 2017. "The impact of oil-market shocks on stock returns in major oil-exporting countries: A Markov-switching approach," Working Papers 1710, University of Otago, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2017.
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    JEL classification:

    • F0 - International Economics - - General

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