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Iron Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Peru

Author

Listed:
  • Alberto Chong
  • Isabelle Cohen
  • Erica Field
  • Eduardo Nakasone
  • Maximo Torero

Abstract

Do nutritional deficiencies contribute to the intergenerational persistence of poverty by reducing the earnings potential of future generations? To address this question, we made available supplemental iron pills at a health center in rural Peru and encouraged adolescents to take them via media messages. School administrative data provide novel evidence that reducing iron deficiency results in a large and significant improvement in school performance and aspirations for anemic students. Our findings demonstrate that combining low-cost outreach efforts and local supplementation programs can be an affordable and effective method of reducing rates of adolescent iron deficiency anemia.

Suggested Citation

  • Alberto Chong & Isabelle Cohen & Erica Field & Eduardo Nakasone & Maximo Torero, 2016. "Iron Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Peru," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 8(4), pages 222-255, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:aea:aejapp:v:8:y:2016:i:4:p:222-55
    Note: DOI: 10.1257/app.20140494
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jeffrey R Kling & Jeffrey B Liebman & Lawrence F Katz, 2007. "Experimental Analysis of Neighborhood Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 75(1), pages 83-119, January.
    2. Jeffrey B. Liebman & Erzo F. P. Luttmer, 2015. "Would People Behave Differently If They Better Understood Social Security? Evidence from a Field Experiment," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 7(1), pages 275-299, February.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Federico A. Bugni & Ivan A. Canay & Azeem M. Shaikh, 2015. "Inference under covariate-adaptive randomization," CeMMAP working papers CWP45/15, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    2. Banerjee, Abhijit & Barnhardt, Sharon & Duflo, Esther, 2016. "Can Iron-Fortified Salt Control Anemia? Evidence from Two Experiments in Rural Bihar," CEPR Discussion Papers 11193, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • I26 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Returns to Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling

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