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Does Resorting to Online Dispute Resolution Promote Agreements? Experimental Evidence

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  • Yannick Gabuthy

    (GATE)

  • Nadège Marchand

    (GATE)

Abstract

This paper presents the results of an experiment performed to test the properties of an innovative bargaining mechanism (called automated negotiation) used to resolve disputes arising from Internet-based transactions. Automated negotiation is an online sealed-bid process in which an automated algorithm evaluates bids from the parties and settles the case if the offers are within a prescribed range. The observed individual behavior, based on 40 rounds of bargaining, is shown to be drastically affected by the design of automated negotiation. The settlement rule encourages disputants to behave strategically by adopting aggressive bargaining positions, which implies that the mechanism is not able to promote agreements and generate efficiency. This conclusion is consistent with the experimental results on arbitration and the well-known chilling effect: Automated negotiation tends to "chill" bargaining as it creates incentives for individuals to misrepresent their true valuations and discourage them to converge on their own. However, this perverse effect induced by the settlement rule depends strongly on the conflict situation. When the threat that a disagreement occurs is more credible, the strategic effect is reduced since defendants are more interested in maximizing the efficiency of a settlement than their own expected profit.

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File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/exp/papers/0402/0402002.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Experimental with number 0402002.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 05 Feb 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpex:0402002

Note: Type of Document - pdf; prepared on Win2000; pages: 35; figures: Figures within the document
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Web page: http://128.118.178.162

Related research

Keywords: Online Dispute Resolution; Arbitration; Experimental Economics; Electronic Commerce; Bargaining;

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Cited by:
  1. Charness, Gary & Kuhn, Peter J., 2010. "Lab Labor: What Can Labor Economists Learn from the Lab?," IZA Discussion Papers 4941, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Nicolas Jacquemet & Yannick Gabuthy, 2012. "Analyse économique du droit et méthode expérimentale," Working Papers halshs-00746617, HAL.

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