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Discrimination based on place of residence and access to employment

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  • Mathieu Bunel

    (University of Caen Basse-Normandie, CREM CNRS UMR 6211 and TEPP (FR CNRS n°3435))

  • Emilia Ene

    (University of Paris-Est Marne la Vallée, ERUDITE and TEPP (FR CNRS n°3435))

  • Yannick L’horty

    (University of Paris-Est Marne la Vallée, ERUDITE and TEPP (FR CNRS n°3435))

  • Pascale Petit

    (Université d’Evry Val d’Essonne, EPEE and TEPP (FR CNRS n°3435))

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to assess the degree of employment discrimination against young people in the Ile-de-France region according to their place of residence by considering several spatial scales in order to measure the effect of the reputation of the administrative department or county (specifically Paris and Seine-Saint-Denis), the town or municipality, and of the local neighborhood. The evaluation is carried outusing experimental testing-type data that we developed following a protocol that allows us toexamine the specific effects associated with each of these three spatial scales on access to employment, as well as their combined effects. We are interested in discrimination regarding two specific occupations within the restaurant/catering industry, namely waiters and cooks, and we consider the impact of two levels of qualification. For each of these profiles, we constructed six fictional candidacies consisting of young men who were similar with the exception of the testing feature which differentiates them, namely their place of residence. Between October 2011 and February 2012, we studied 2,988 candidacies that were submitted in response to 498 job offers posted in the Ile-de-France region. This study consists of a statistical and econometric analysis of the responses that we obtained to these applications.

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Paper provided by Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS in its series Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) with number 201337.

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Date of creation: Sep 2013
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Handle: RePEc:tut:cremwp:201337

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Postal: CREM (UMR CNRS 6211) - Faculty of Economics, 7 place Hoche, 35065 Rennes Cedex - France
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Keywords: access to employment; discrimination; testing; neighbourhood effects; experiments;

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  1. Neumark, David, 1996. "Sex Discrimination in Restaurant Hiring: An Audit Study," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 111(3), pages 915-41, August.
  2. Marianne Bertrand & Sendhil Mullainathan, 2003. "Are emily and greg more employable than lakisha and jamal? A field experiment on labor market discrimination," Natural Field Experiments 00216, The Field Experiments Website.
  3. Cutler, David M & Glaeser, Edward L, 1997. "Are Ghettos Good or Bad?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 112(3), pages 827-72, August.
  4. Emmanuel DUGUET & Noam LEANDRI & Yannick L'HORTY & Pascale PETIT, 2010. "Are Young French Jobseekers of Ethnic Immigrant Origin Discriminated Against? A Controlled Experiment in the Paris Area," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 99-100, pages 187-215.
  5. Judith K. Hellerstein & David Neumark, 2011. "Employment in Black Urban Labor Markets: Problems and Solutions," NBER Working Papers 16986, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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