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Are young French jobseekers of ethnic immigrant origin discriminated against? A controlled experiment in the Paris area

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  • Emmanuel Duguet

    ()
    (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l'Utilisation des Données Individuelles Temporelles en Economie - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne (UPEC) : EA437 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV), TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS : FR3435 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV))

  • Noam Leandri

    (Centre de recherche de la Banque de France - Banque de France)

  • Yannick L'Horty

    ()
    (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l'Utilisation des Données Individuelles Temporelles en Economie - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne (UPEC) : EA437 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV), TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS : FR3435 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV))

  • Pascale Petit

    (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS : FR3435 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV), EPEE - Centre d'Etudes des Politiques Economiques - Université d'Evry-Val d'Essonne)

Abstract

This study uses the findings of a correspondence testing in order to assess the potential discrimination at job access level against young people of ethnic origin from the underprivileged suburbs of the Paris area (Ile-de-France). We measure simultaneously the effects of place of residence (privileged or underprivileged city), of nationality (French or Moroccan), and of sound of surname and of forename on the chances of obtaining a job interview when answering a job ad. We base our assessment on a controlled experiment conducted on the profession of accountant. We constructed 16 jobseeker profiles and sent 1097 resumes in reply to 140 job vacancies advertised at the end of 2006. We find evidence of a significant discrimination against the candidates with a foreign origin.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00809665.

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Date of creation: Jul 2009
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00809665

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Keywords: discrimination ; correspondence testing;

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References

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  1. Aeberhardt, Romain & Pouget, Julien, 2007. "National Origin Wage Differentials in France: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data," IZA Discussion Papers 2779, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Pascale Petit, 2003. "Comment évaluer la discrimination à l'embauche ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 17(3), pages 55-87.
  3. Riach, Peter A & Rich, Judith, 1991. "Testing for Racial Discrimination in the Labour Market," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(3), pages 239-56, September.
  4. Rachid Boumahdi & Jean-François Giret, 2005. "Une analyse économétrique des disparités d'accès à l'emploi et de rémunérations entre jeunes d'origine française et jeunes issus de l'immigration," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 56(3), pages 625-636.
  5. Peter Riach & Judith Rich, 1991. "Testing for racial discrimination in the labour market," Natural Field Experiments, The Field Experiments Website 00327, The Field Experiments Website.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Clémence Berson, 2012. "Does Competition Induce Hiring Equity?," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 12019, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  2. Mathieu Bunel & Emilia Ene & Yannick L’horty & Pascale Petit, 2013. "Discrimination based on place of residence and access to employment," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen), Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS 201337, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
  3. Guillaume Pierné, 2013. "Hiring discrimination based on national origin and religious closeness: results from a field experiment in the Paris area," IZA Journal of Labor Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-15, December.
  4. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Decreuse, Bruno & Laouénan, Morgane & Trannoy, Alain, 2014. "Customer Discrimination and Employment Outcomes: Theory and Evidence from the French Labor Market," IZA Discussion Papers 8150, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Edo, Anthony & Jacquemet, Nicolas & Yannelis, Constantine, 2013. "Language Skills and Homophilous Hiring Discrimination: Evidence from Gender- and Racially-Differentiated Applications," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb), CEPREMAP 1313, CEPREMAP.
  6. Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L'Horty & Pascale Petit, 2011. "Residential Discrimination and Ethnic Origin: An experimental assessment in the Paris suburbs," Working Papers halshs-00812132, HAL.
  7. Jacquemet, Nicolas & Edo, Anthony, 2013. "La discrimination à l’embauche sur le marché du travail français," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 31, May.
  8. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00935241 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Yann Algan & Thierry Mayer & Mathias Thoenig, 2013. "The Economic Incentives of Cultural Transmission: Spatial : Spatial Evidence from Naming Patterns across France," Working Papers 2013-25, CEPII research center.
  10. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00718627 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Manant, Matthieu & Pajak, Serge & Soulié, Nicolas, 2014. "Do recruiters 'like' it? Online social networks and privacy in hiring: a pseudo-randomized experiment," MPRA Paper 56845, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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