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Effort allocation in tournaments: the effect of gender on academic performance in Italian universities

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  • Castagnetti, Carolina
  • Rosti, Luisa

Abstract

We consider the academic performance of Italian university graduates and their labor market position 3 years after graduation. Our data confirm the common finding that female students outperform male students in academia but are overcome in the labor market. Assuming that academic competition is fair and that individual talent is equally distributed by gender, we suggest that the gender gap evident in degree scores is endogenously due to the greater effort exerted by female students. We find that females face a greater increase in labor market returns from signalling through academic performance. This higher prize explains the greater effort exerted by females and the higher probability of winning the academic competition.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/13441/
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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/26194/
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 13441.

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Date of creation: 19 Feb 2007
Date of revision: 30 Jun 2008
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:13441

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Keywords: Education; Italy; Gender; Tournaments; Sample selection;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Castagnetti, Carolina & Rosti, Luisa, 2010. "Gender stereotyping and wage discrimination among Italian graduates," MPRA Paper 26685, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Tyrefors Hinnerich, Björn & Höglin, Erik & Johannesson, Magnus, 2010. "Are boys discriminated in Swedish high schools?," Working Paper Series, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy 2010:14, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  3. Limanond, Thirayoot & Jomnonkwao, Sajjakaj & Watthanaklang, Duangdao & Ratanavaraha, Vatanavongs & Siridhara, Siradol, 2011. "How vehicle ownership affect time utilization on study, leisure, social activities, and academic performance of university students? A case study of engineering freshmen in a rural university in Thail," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 719-726, September.

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