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A hazard model of the probability of medical school drop-out in the UK

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  • Wiji Arulampalam
  • Robin A. Naylor
  • Jeremy P. Smith

Abstract

From individual level longitudinal data for two entire cohorts of medical students in UK universities, we use multilevel models to analyse the probability that an individual student will drop out of medical school. We find that academic preparedness-both in terms of previous subjects studied and levels of attainment therein-is the major influence on withdrawal by medical students. Additionally, males and more mature students are more likely to withdraw than females or younger students respectively. We find evidence that the factors influencing the decision to transfer course differ from those affecting the decision to drop out for other reasons. Copyright 2004 Royal Statistical Society.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Royal Statistical Society in its journal Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A.

Volume (Year): 167 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 157-178

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jorssa:v:167:y:2004:i:1:p:157-178

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Cited by:
  1. Arulampalam, Wiji & Naylor, Robin & Smith, Jeremy, 2005. "Doctor Who? Who Gets Admission Offers in UK Medical Schools," IZA Discussion Papers 1775, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Ludger Woessmann, 2006. "Efficiency and Equity of European Education and Training Policies," CESifo Working Paper Series 1779, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Mosler, Karl & Savine, Alexandre, 2004. "Studienaufbau und Studienerfolg von Kölner Volks- und Betriebswirten im Grundstudium," Discussion Papers in Statistics and Econometrics 1/04, University of Cologne, Department for Economic and Social Statistics.
  4. Marialuisa Restaino, 2008. "Dropping out of University of Salerno: a survival approach," Working Papers 3_193, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Statistiche, Università degli Studi di Salerno.
  5. Arulampalam, Wiji & Naylor, Robin & Smith, Jeremy, 2002. "Effects of In-Class Variation and Student Rank on the Probability of Withdrawal: Cross-Section and Time-Series Analysis for UK University Students," IZA Discussion Papers 655, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Castagnetti, Carolina & Rosti, Luisa, 2009. "Effort allocation in tournaments: The effect of gender on academic performance in Italian universities," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 357-369, June.
  7. Zotti, Roberto & Barra, Cristian, 2014. "How students' exogenous characteristics affect faculties’ inefficiency. A heteroscedastic stochastic frontier approach," MPRA Paper 54011, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Di Pietro, Giorgio & Cutillo, Andrea, 2008. "Degree flexibility and university drop-out: The Italian experience," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 546-555, October.
  9. Barra, Cristian & Zotti, Roberto, 2014. "Handling negative data using Data Envelopment Analysis: a directional distance approach applied to higher education," MPRA Paper 55570, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Carolina Castagnetti & Luisa Rosti, 2010. "The Gender Gap in Academic Achievements of Italian Graduates," Quaderni di Dipartimento 118, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods.

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