Unfair tournaments: gender stereotyping and wage discrimination among Italian graduates
AbstractThis paper addresses the gender pay gap among Italian university graduates on entry to the labor market, and stresses the importance of gender stereotypes on subjective assessment of individual productivity. We build upon previous research about gender and wage inequality introducing tournament theory as a convenient framework for the gender pay gap analysis. We hypothesize that the effects of gender stereotypes make occupational tournaments unfair. As a consequence, male workers have higher probabilities of winning the wage competition. Our data show that in contexts where the stereotype is most likely to occur, making tournaments less fair, the unexplained component of the gender pay gap is higher.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Management in its series DEM Working Papers Series with number 010.
Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2012
Date of revision:
Labor market; Italy; Gender pay gap; Stereotypes; Tournaments;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
- J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-11-17 (All new papers)
- NEP-HME-2012-11-17 (Heterodox Microeconomics)
- NEP-HRM-2012-11-17 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-LAB-2012-11-17 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-LMA-2012-11-17 (Labor Markets - Supply, Demand, & Wages)
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