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Effort allocation in tournaments: The effect of gender on academic performance in Italian universities

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  • Castagnetti, Carolina
  • Rosti, Luisa

Abstract

We consider the academic performance of Italian university graduates and their labor market position 3 years after graduation. Our data confirm the common finding that female students outperform male students in academia but are overcome in the labor market. Assuming that academic competition is fair and that individual talent is equally distributed by gender, we suggest that the gender gap evident in degree scores is endogenously due to the greater effort exerted by female students. We find that females face a greater increase in labor market returns from signalling through academic performance. This higher prize explains the greater effort exerted by females and the higher probability of winning the academic competition.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Economics of Education Review.

Volume (Year): 28 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 (June)
Pages: 357-369

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecoedu:v:28:y:2009:i:3:p:357-369

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/econedurev

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Keywords: Education Italy Gender Tournaments Sample selection;

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Cited by:
  1. Hinnerich, Björn Tyrefors & Höglin, Erik & Johannesson, Magnus, 2011. "Are boys discriminated in Swedish high schools?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 682-690, August.
  2. Carolina Castagnetti & Luisa Rosti, 2010. "Gender stereotyping and wage discrimination among Italian graduates," Quaderni di Dipartimento 122, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods.
  3. Limanond, Thirayoot & Jomnonkwao, Sajjakaj & Watthanaklang, Duangdao & Ratanavaraha, Vatanavongs & Siridhara, Siradol, 2011. "How vehicle ownership affect time utilization on study, leisure, social activities, and academic performance of university students? A case study of engineering freshmen in a rural university in Thail," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 719-726, September.

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