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Less Income Inequality and More Growth – Are they Compatible? Part 8. The Drivers of Labour Income Inequality – A Literature Review

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  • Rafal Kierzenkowski
  • Isabell Koske

Abstract

Despite a general trend of increasing labour income inequality, there have been differences in the timing, intensity and even direction of these changes across OECD countries. These stylized facts have led to numerous studies about the main determinants of labour income inequality and, as a result, a significant revision of the previous consensus about the key drivers. The most researched channels include skill-biased technological change, international trade, immigration, education as well as the role of labour market policies and institutions. Moins d'inégalités de revenu et plus de croissance – Ces deux objectifs sont-ils compatibles? Partie 8. Les déterminants de l'inégalité de revenu du travail – une revue de la littérature En depit d'une tendance generale a l.augmentation des inegalites de revenu du travail, des differences sont apparues quant a l.occurrence, l.intensite et meme le sens de ces evolutions au sein des pays de l'OCDE. Ces faits stylises ont mene a de nombreuses etudes consacrees aux facteurs principaux de l'inegalite de revenu du travail et, en consequence, d'une revision significative du consensus precedent concernant les determinant cles. Les canaux les plus recherches incluent le progres technique, le commerce international, l'immigration, l'education ainsi que le role des politiques du marche du travail et des institutions.

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 931.

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Date of creation: 03 Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:931-en

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Keywords: globalisation; trade; technological change; education policy; immigration; labour income; income inequality; labour market policies; inégalité des revenus; revenus du travail; progrès technique; immigration; politique d'éducation; mondialisation; commerce; politique du marché du travail;

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Cited by:
  1. Stéphanie Jamet & Thomas Chalaux & Vincent Koen, 2013. "Labour Market and Social Policies to Foster More Inclusive Growth in Sweden," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1023, OECD Publishing.
  2. Łukasz Rawdanowicz & Eckhard Wurzel & Ane Kathrine Christensen, 2013. "The Equity Implications of Fiscal Consolidation," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1013, OECD Publishing.

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