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Rice price stabilization in Bangladesh

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  • Dorosh, Paul A.
  • Shahabuddin, Quazi

Abstract

To meet its overall objective of ensuring food security for all households, the Government of Bangladesh undertakes several activities: it intervenes in markets to stabilize prices, targets food distribution to poor households and provides emergency relief after natural disasters. This paper provides measures of the variability of domestic and international rice prices, and examines the mix of government intervention and private sector participation in rice markets. The analysis shows that the relatively high degree of price stability achieved in the 1990s was due in large part to private sector imports that stabilized markets following major production shortfalls. Domestic rice procurement contributed relatively little to raising domestic producer prices at harvest time, involved only a small percentage of farmers, and incurred excessive costs following successful harvests because of procurement prices set far in excess of market prices.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series MTID discussion papers with number 46.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:fpr:mtiddp:46

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Keywords: Price regulation ; Food security South Asia ; Government policy ; Markets Prices ; Rice Bangladesh ;

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References

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  1. Dorosh, Paul A. & Haggblade, Steven, 1997. "Shifting sands: The changing case for monetizing project food aid in Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 2093-2104, December.
  2. Islam, Nurul & Thomas, Saji, 1996. "Foodgrain price stabilization in developing countries," Food policy reviews 3, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  3. Minot, Nicholas & Baulch, Bob, 2002. "The spatial distribution of poverty in Vietnam and the potential for targeting," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2829, The World Bank.
  4. Minot, Nicholas, 2000. "Generating Disaggregated Poverty Maps: An Application to Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 319-331, February.
  5. Rashid, Shahidur & Sharma, Manohar & Zeller, Manfred, 2002. "Micro-lending for small farmers in Bangladesh," MTID discussion papers 45, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  6. Christopher Delgado & Pierre Crosson & Claude Courbois, 1997. "The Impact of Livestock and Fisheries on Food Availability and Demand in 2020," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(5), pages 1471-1475.
  7. Awudu Abdulai & Christopher Delgado, 2000. "An Empirical Investigation of Short- and Long-run Agricultural Wage Formation in Ghana," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(2), pages 169-185.
  8. Kherallah, Mylène & Kirsten, Johann, 2001. "The new institutional economics," MTID discussion papers 41, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  9. Rusike, Joseph, 1995. "The development of maize seed markets in Sub-Saharan Africa," MTID discussion papers 5, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  10. Dorosh, Paul A. & Shahabuddin, Quazi & Aziz, M. Abdul & Farid, Naser, 2002. "Bumper crops, producer incentives and persistent poverty," MSSD discussion papers 43, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  11. Delgado, Christopher L. & Rosegrant, Mark W. & Steinfeld, Henning & Ehui, Simeon K. & Courbois, Claude, 1999. "The growing place of livestock products in world food in the twenty-first century," MTID discussion papers 28, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  12. Holloway, Garth & Nicholson, Charles & Delgado, Chris & Staal, Steve & Ehui, Simeon, 2000. "Agroindustrialization through institutional innovation: Transaction costs, cooperatives and milk-market development in the east-African highlands," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 23(3), pages 279-288, September.
  13. Minot, Nicholas & Kherallah, Mylène & Berry, Philippe, 2000. "Fertilizer market reform and the determinants of fertilizer use in Benin and Malawi," MSSD discussion papers 40, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  14. Badiane, Ousmane & Shively, Gerald E., 1997. "The response of local maize prices to the 1983 currency devaluation in Ghana," MTID discussion papers 12, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  15. Goletti, Francesco & Badiane, Ousmane & Sil, Jayashree, 1994. "Foodgrain market integration under market reforms in Egypt," MTID discussion papers 1, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  16. Kherallah, Mylène & Minot, Nicholas & Gruhn, Peter, 1999. "Adjustment of wheat production to market reform in Egypt," MTID discussion papers 32, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  17. Badiane, Ousmane, 1998. "Marketing policy reform and competitiveness," MTID discussion papers 22, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  18. Fafchamps, Marcel & Minten, Bart, 2001. "Property Rights in a Flea Market Economy," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 49(2), pages 229-67, January.
  19. Minot, Nicholas, 1999. "Effects of transaction costs on supply response and marketed surplus," MTID discussion papers 36, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  20. Badiane, Ousmane, 1994. "Agricultural market reforms in Egypt," MTID discussion papers 2, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  21. Badiane, Ousmane & Nuppenau, Ernst-August, 1997. "Reforming and promoting local agricultural markets," MTID discussion papers 10, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  22. Rashid, Shahidur, 2002. "Dynamics of agricultural wage and rice price in Bangladesh," MSSD discussion papers 44, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  23. repec:fth:oxesaf:99-25 is not listed on IDEAS
  24. Ngqangweni, Simphiwe, 1999. "Rural growth linkages in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa," MTID discussion papers 33, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  25. Goletti, Francesco & Minot, Nicholas, 1997. "Rice markets, agricultural growth, and policy options in Viet Nam," MTID discussion papers 14, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  26. Staal, Steven & Delgado, Christopher L. & Nicholson, Charles F., 1996. "Smallholder dairying under transactions costs in East Africa," MTID discussion papers 9, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  27. Badiane, Ousmane, 1996. "The impact of the CFA devaluation on cereal markets in selected CMA/WCA member countries," MTID discussion papers 8, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Delgado, Christopher L. & Rosegrant, Mark W. & Wada, Nikolas & Meijer, Siet & Ahmed, Mahfuzuddin, 2002. "Fish as food," MSSD discussion papers 52, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    • Delgado, Christopher L. & Rosegrant, Mark W. & Wada, Nikolas & Meijer, Siet & Ahmed, Mahfuzuddin, 2002. "Fish as food," MTID discussion papers 52, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. Nicholas Minot & Lisa Daniels, 2005. "Impact of global cotton markets on rural poverty in Benin," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 33(s3), pages 453-466, November.
  3. Shahabuddin, Quazi & Dorosh, Paul A., 2002. "Comparative advantage in Bangladesh crop production," MSSD discussion papers 47, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  4. Rashid, Shahidur, 2004. "Spatial integration of maize markets in post-liberalized Uganda," MTID discussion papers 71, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  5. Gulati, Ashok & Narayanan, Sudha, 2002. "Rice trade liberalization and poverty," MTID discussion papers 51, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  6. Syed Abul Hasan, 2013. "The impact of a large rice price increase on welfare and poverty in Bangladesh," ASARC Working Papers 2013-11, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.

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