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The spatial distribution of poverty in Vietnam and the potential for targeting

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  • Minot, Nicholas
  • Baulch, Bob

Abstract

The authors combine household survey and census data to construct a provincial poverty map of Vietnam and evaluate the accuracy of geographically targeted antipoverty programs. First, they estimate per capita expenditure as a function of selected household and geographic characteristics using the 1998 Vietnam Living Standards Survey. Next, they combine the results with data on the same household characteristics from the 1999 census to estimate the incidence of poverty in each province. The results show thatrural poverty is concentrated in 10 provinces in the Northern Uplands, 2 provinces in the Central Highlands, and 2 provinces in the Central Coast. The authors use Receiver Operating Characteristics curves to evaluate the effectiveness of geographic targeting. The results show that the existing poor communes system excludes large numbers of poor people, but there is potential for sharpening poverty targeting using a small number of easy-to-follow measure household characteristics.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 2829.

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Date of creation: 30 Apr 2002
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2829

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Related research

Keywords: Health Economics&Finance; Housing&Human Habitats; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Public Health Promotion; Poverty Monitoring&Analysis; Poverty Assessment; Poverty Lines; Achieving Shared Growth; Health Economics&Finance; Poverty Diagnostics;

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  1. Baulch, Bob & Truong Thi Kim Chuyen & Haughton, Dominique & Haughton, Jonathan, 2002. "Ethnic minority development in Vietnam : a socioeconomic perspective," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2836, The World Bank.
  2. van de Walle, Dominique & Gunewardena, Dileni, 2001. "Sources of ethnic inequality in Viet Nam," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 177-207, June.
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