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Citizenship Laws and International Migration in Historical Perspective

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  • Graziella Bertocchi

    (Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia)

  • Chiara Strozzi

    (Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia)

Abstract

We investigate the origin, impact and evolution of citizenship laws. Citizenship laws originate from the common and civil law traditions, which apply jus soli and jus sanguinis, respectively. We compile a data set across countries of the world starting from the 19th century. The impact of the original, exogenously-given laws on international migration proves insignificant for the early, mass migration waves, which confirm to be driven primarily by economic incentives. Postwar convergence of citizenship laws is determined by legal tradition and international migration, but also by border stability, the establishment of democracy, the welfare burden, cultural factors and colonial history.

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Paper provided by Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei in its series Working Papers with number 2005.71.

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Date of creation: May 2005
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Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2005.71

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Keywords: Citizenship laws; International migration; Legal origins; Democracy; Borders;

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Cited by:
  1. Facchini, Giovanni & Mayda, Anna Maria, 2008. "From individual attitudes towards migrants to migration policy outcomes: Theory and evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers 6835, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Francesc Ortega, 2004. "Immigration and the survival of the welfare state," Economics Working Papers 815, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  3. Bertocchi, Graziella, 2004. "Growth, History and Institutions," CEPR Discussion Papers 4738, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Gligorov, Vladimir, 2009. "Mobility and Transition in Integrating Europe," MPRA Paper 19198, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Giovanni Facchini & Cecilia Testa, 2008. "Who is Against a Common Market?," Development Working Papers 240, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.

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