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The Age of Mass Migration: Economic and Institutional Determinants

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  • Bertocchi, Graziella

    ()
    (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia)

  • Strozzi, Chiara

    ()
    (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia)

Abstract

We study the determinants of 19th century mass migration with special attention to the role of institutional factors beside standard economic fundamentals. We find that economic forces associated with income and demographic differentials had a major role in the determination of this historical event, but that the quality of institutions also mattered. We evaluate separately the impact of political institutions linked to democracy and suffrage and of those institutions more specifically targeted at attracting migrants, i.e., citizenship acquisition, land distribution, and public education policies. We find that both sets of institutions contributed to this event, even after controlling for their potential endogeneity through a set of instruments exploiting colonial history and the quality of institutions inherited from the past.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2499.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2499

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Keywords: colonial history; democracy; 19th century international migration; institutions; migration policy;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Graziella Bertocchi & Chiara Strozzi, 2006. "The Evolution of Citizenship: Economic and Institutional Determinants," Development Working Papers 211, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  2. Marina Murat & Barbara Pistoresi, 2009. "Migrant Networks: Empirical Implications for the Italian Bilateral Trade," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(3), pages 371-390.
  3. Marina Murat & Barbara Pistoresi & Alberto Rinaldi, 2008. "Italian Diaspora and Foreign Direct Investment: A Cliometric Perspective," Center for Economic Research (RECent), University of Modena and Reggio E., Dept. of Economics 013, University of Modena and Reggio E., Dept. of Economics.
  4. Otrachshenko, Vladimir & Popova, Olga, 2014. "Life (dis)satisfaction and the intention to migrate: Evidence from Central and Eastern Europe," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 40-49.

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