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Fiscal Policy, Banks and the Financial Crisis

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  • Robert Kollmann
  • Marco Ratto
  • Werner Roeger
  • Jan in'tVeld

Abstract

This paper studies the effectiveness of Euro Area (EA) fiscal policy, during the recent financial crisis, using an estimated New Keynesian model with a bank. A key dimension of policy in the crisis was massive government support for banks—that dimension has so far received little attention in the macroeconomics literature. We use the estimated model to analyze the effects of bank asset losses, of government support for banks, and other fiscal stimulus measures, in the EA. Our results suggest that support for banks had a stabilizing effect on EA output, consumption and investment. Increased government purchases helped to stabilize output, but crowded out consumption. Higher transfers to households had a positive impact on private consumption, but a negligible effect on output and investment. Banking shocks and increased government spending explain half of the rise in the public debt/GDP ratio since the onset of the crisis.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series Working Papers ECARES with number ECARES 2012-034.

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Length: 34 p.
Date of creation: Oct 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by:
Handle: RePEc:eca:wpaper:2013/129449

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Keywords: financial crisis; bank rescue measures; fiscal policy;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Corsetti, Giancarlo & Kuester, Keith & Meier, André & Müller, Gernot J., 2014. "Sovereign risk and belief-driven fluctuations in the euro area," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 53-73.
  2. Robert Kollmann, 2013. "Global Banks, Financial Shocks And International Business Cycles: Evidence From An Estimated Model," CAMA Working Papers 2013-30, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  3. Javier Bianchi, 2012. "Efficient Bailouts?," 2012 Meeting Papers 162, Society for Economic Dynamics.

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