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Government Purchases and the Real Exchange Rate

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  • Kollmann, Robert

Abstract

Recent empirical research documents that an exogenous rise in government purchases in a given country triggers a persistent depreciation of its real exchange rate - which raises an important puzzle, as standard macro models predict an appreciation of the real exchange rate. This paper presents a simple model with limited international risk sharing that can account for the empirical real exchange rate response. When faced with a country-specific rise in government purchases, local households experience a negative wealth effect; they thus work harder, and domestic output increases. Under balanced trade (financial autarky) this supply-side effect is so strong that the terms of trade worsen, and the real exchange rate depreciates. In a bonds-only economy, an increase in government purchases triggers a real exchange rate depreciation, if the rise in government purchases is sufficiently persistent and/or labor supply is highly elastic.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 7427.

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Date of creation: Aug 2009
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7427

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Keywords: government purchases; limited international risk sharing; real exchange rate;

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  1. Corsetti, Giancarlo & Meier, André & Müller, Gernot, 2009. "Fiscal Stimulus with spending reversals," CEPR Discussion Papers 7302, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Morten O. Ravn & Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 2007. "Explaining the Effects of Government Spending Shocks on Consumption and the Real Exchange Rate," Economics Working Papers ECO2007/23, European University Institute.
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  12. Robert Kollmann, 1995. "Consumption, real exchange rates and the structure of international asset markets," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7642, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Agustín S. Bénétrix, 2009. "Fiscal Shocks and The Real Exchange Rate," 2009 Meeting Papers 1137, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Marialuz Moreno Badia & Alex Segura-Ubiergo, 2014. "Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Emerging Markets: Can Fiscal Policy Help?," IMF Working Papers 14/1, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Laura Povoledo, 2013. "Modelling the sectoral allocation of labour in open economy models," Working Papers 20131312, Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance, Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol.
  4. Hyuk Rhee & Nurlan Turdaliev, 2012. "Targeting Rules for an Open Economy," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 447-471, July.
  5. Aurélien Eyquem & Hafedh Bouakez, 2012. "Government Spending, Monetary Policy, and the Real Exchange Rate," Working Papers halshs-00655972, HAL.
  6. Corsetti, Giancarlo & Meier, André & Müller, Gernot, 2012. "What Determines Government Spending Multipliers?," CEPR Discussion Papers 9010, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. David Fielding, 2011. "New Zealand: The Last Bastion of Textbook Open-Economy Macroeconomics," Working Papers 1105, University of Otago, Department of Economics, revised Jun 2011.
  8. Anthony J. Makin, 2013. "The policy (in)effectiveness of government spending in a dependent economy," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(3), pages 287-301, September.
  9. Nicola Acocella, . "The theoretical roots of EMU institutions and policies during the crisis," Working Papers 126/14, Sapienza University of Rome, Metodi e modelli per l'economia, il territorio e la finanza MEMOTEF.
  10. Nicola Acocella, . "A tale of two cities: exit policies in Washington and Frankfurt," Working Papers 117/13, Sapienza University of Rome, Metodi e modelli per l'economia, il territorio e la finanza MEMOTEF.

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