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Shocks and Frictions in US Business Cycles : a Bayesian DSGE Approach

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  • Frank Smets

    ()
    (ECB, CEPR and University of Ghent)

  • Raf Wouters

    ()
    (National Bank of Belgium, Research Department)

Abstract

Using a Bayesian likelihood approach, we estimate a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model for the US economy using seven macro-economic time series. The model incorporates many types of real and nominal frictions and seven types of structural shocks. We show that this model is able to compete with Bayesian Vector Autoregression models in out-of-sample prediction. We investigate the relative empirical importance of the various frictions. Finally, using the estimated model we address a number of key issues in business cycle analysis: What are the sources of business cycle fluctuations? Can the model explain the cross-correlation between output and inflation? What are the effects of productivity on hours worked? What are the sources of the “Great Moderation”?

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bank of Belgium in its series Working Paper Research with number 109.

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Length: 58 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nbb:reswpp:200702-05

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Keywords: DSGE models; monetary policy;

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