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Credit, Vacancies and Unemployment Fluctuations

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  • Nicolas Petrosky-Nadeau

Abstract

The propagation properties of the standard search and matching model of equilibrium unemployment are significantly altered when vacancy costs require some external financing on frictional credit markets. The latter induce variation in the shadow cost of external funds of the cycle that greatly increase the elasticity of vacancy postings to productivity through two distinct channels: (i) a cost channel - a lowered shadow cost during an upturn as credit constraints are relaxed increases the incentive to post vacancies; (ii) a wage channel - the improved bargaining position of firms afforded by the lowered cost of vacancies limits of the upward pressure of market tightness on wages. As a result, the model can match the observed volatility of unemployment, vacancies and labor market tightness. Moreover, the progressive easing of financing constraints to innovations generates persistence in the response of market tightness and vacancies, a robust feature of the data and shortcoming of the standard model.

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Paper provided by Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business in its series GSIA Working Papers with number 2009-E27.

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Date of creation: Nov 2009
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Handle: RePEc:cmu:gsiawp:1258554433

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Postal: Tepper School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
Web page: http://www.tepper.cmu.edu/

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Petra Marotzke, 2011. "Macroeconomic Stability and Wage Inequality: A Model with Credit and Labor Market Frictions," Working Paper Series of the Department of Economics, University of Konstanz 2011-38, Department of Economics, University of Konstanz.
  2. Nicolas Petrosky-Nadeau & Etienne Wasmer, 2013. "The Cyclical Volatility of Labor Markets under Frictional Financial Markets," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 5(1), pages 193-221, January.
  3. Etienne Wasmer & Nicolas Petrosky-Nadeau, 2011. "Propagation in a Model of Goods, Labor and Financial Market Frictions," 2011 Meeting Papers 119, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  4. Francesco Zanetti & Haroon Mumtaz, 2013. "The Effect of Labor and Financial Frictions on Aggregate Fluctuations," Economics Series Working Papers 690, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  5. Atanas Hristov, 2010. "The High Sensitivity of Employment to Agency Costs: The Relevance of Wage Rigidity," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2010-044, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  6. Nicolas Petrosky-Nadeau, . "TFP during a Credit Crunch," GSIA Working Papers 2010-E70, Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business.
  7. Tommaso Monacelli & Vincenzo Quadrini & Antonella Trigari, 2011. "Financial Markets and Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 17389, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Nicolas Dromel & Elie Kolakez & Etienne Lehmann, 2009. "Credit Constraints and the Persistence of Unemployment," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00389762, HAL.
  9. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h48226q18 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Nicolas Petrosky-Nadeau & Etienne Wasmer, 2014. "Macroeconomic Dynamics in a Model of Goods, Labor and Credit Market Frictions," Sciences Po publications 2014-09, Sciences Po.
  11. Joseph Mullins & Gaston Navarro & Julio Blanco, 2013. "Equilibrium Default and Slow Recoveries," 2013 Meeting Papers 694, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  12. Yahong Zhang, 2011. "Financial Factors and Labour Market Fluctuations," Working Papers 11-12, Bank of Canada.
  13. Atanas Hristov, 2009. "Credit Frictions and Labor Market Dynamics," Working Paper / FINESS 7.3, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

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