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The Macroeconomics of Labor and Credit Market Imperfections

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  • Wasmer, Etienne

    ()
    (Sciences Po, Paris)

  • Weil, Philippe

    ()
    (ECARES, Free University of Brussels)

Abstract

Labor market frictions are not the only possible factor responsible for high unemployment. Credit market imperfections, driven by microeconomic frictions and impacted upon by macroeconomic factors such as monetary policy, could also be to blame. This paper shows that labor and credit market imperfections interact in a complementary way - which may explain why European and US unemployment differ so much when labor markets have become more similar at the margin in Europe and the US. To develop this idea, we build a search model that treats credit and labor market imperfections in a symmetrical way. We introduce specificity in credit relationships, and assume that credit to potential entrepreneurs is rationed due to endogenous search frictions, in the spirit of Diamond (1990). These imperfections mirror the job search frictions that we introduce, à la Mortensen- Pissarides (1994), in the labor market.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 179.

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Length: 49 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2000
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: American Economic Review, 2004, 94 (4), 944-963
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp179

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Keywords: unemployment; Credit and search frictions; monetary policy;

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  1. Diamond, Peter, 1990. "Pairwise Credit in Search Equilibrium," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 105(2), pages 285-319, May.
  2. Diamond, Peter A, 1981. "Mobility Costs, Frictional Unemployment, and Efficiency," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(4), pages 798-812, August.
  3. Dell''Ariccia, Giovanni & Garibaldi, Pietro, 2000. "Gross Credit Flows," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2569, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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